Mormon History 1830-1844

Mormon History Gazetteer for Ohio (1830–1839)
Locality / county Ohio counties Evolution of Western Reserve Counties Ohio villages Ohio Changed Name Locations
Acton
Amherst
Auburn
Austinburg
Bainbridge
Bellefontaine
Brownhelm
Burton
Chagrin
Chagrin Falls
Chardon
Chippewa
Cincinnati
Columbus
Cleveland
Conneaut
East Liverpool
Elyria
Euclid
Fairfield
Fairport Harbor
Florence
Garrettsville
Grafton
Harpersfield
Hiram

Huntsburg
Kirtland
Lawrence Co.
Madison
Mantua
Mayfield
Mentor
Nelson
New Garden
New London
New Portage
Newark
North Union
Northampton
North Ridgeville
Norton
Orange
Parkman
Perry
Peru
Ravenna
Richmond

Rome
Russia
Salem
Shalersville
Strongsville
Thompson
Warren
Warrensville
Weathersfield
Wellsville
West Township


Acton / Middlesex
  Nov. 1, 1799 Thomas B. Marsh Birthplace. Thomas B. Marsh (h)

Amherst (55 mi. W of Kirtland) / Lorain
  1830 Sylvester Smith Residence. ¶ 1830 Census: Kirtland, et. al.
  "About 1830" Joel H. Johnson Sells farm and mill in Pomfret, New York and moves to Amherst. Brother David visits, fall 1830–fall 1831. Both are baptized by missionaries going from Kirtland to Missouri.
<i>My Life&#39;s Review: Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin Johnson</i>, edited by the Johnson Family Organization &#40;Provo: Grandin Book Company, 1997&#41;. Written 1884&#45;1896 &#40;p. 280, 356&#41;.
')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">B. F. Johnson life, 4–5.
  May–June 1831 Harvey Whitlock, Edson Fuller, Sylvester Smith Harvey and Edson preach. Edson baptizes David Johnson and others. Lyman Wight, Samuel H. Smith, arrive, "and in a few weeks they baptized about fifty in the vicinity." Sylvester Smith baptizes Joel Hills Johnson, June 1, 1831.
Joel Hills Johnson autobiography. Typescript. Church Archives and BYU Special Collections.
')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Joel Johnson autobiography, 3.

David Johnson later requests rebaptism due to Edson's status at the time.
[June–September] Joel Hills Johnson Put in charge of Amherst church.
Joel Hills Johnson autobiography. Typescript. Church Archives and BYU Special Collections.
')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Joel Johnson autobiography, 4. June 1831 Jared Carter Moves family from Thompson to Amherst instead of going to Missouri with the rest of the Colesville church. ¶ Jared Carter Jan. 22, 1832 Reynolds Cahoon, Thomas B. Marsh Arrive at Brother [Sylvester] Smith's and attend church at Brother Griffith's. Reynolds Cahoon diary. Microfilm of holograph. LDS Church Archives, MS 1115.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Cahoon diary, 30–31. Jan. 25, 1832 Conference Sidney ordains Joseph "President of the high Preashood." ¶ Presidents of the High Priesthood   [1831 after Sept.] Joel Hills Johnson Appointed to preside over church in Amherst. Joel Hills Johnson autobiography typescript (BYU), 4.   Jan. 25–26, 1832 Hyrum Smith, Gideon Carter Evening meeting at Gideon's house. [Hyrum has the conference on the 26th.] Hyrum Smith Diary [1831&#45;1832]. Hyrum Smith Papers. Vault MSS 774. L. Tom Perry Special Collections. Harold B. Lee Library, BYU.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Hyrum's diary, {15}. Oct. 9–11, 1834 William E. McLellin, Almon Babbitt "I found by enquiry of the Elders that the church was in a difficult situation on account of divisions among them, and Jealousies, &c. The Church consisted of 38—members." Labors Friday and Saturday "trying to get them to settle their differences and forgive each other—Though I believe I effected but little in consequence of the coldness and backwardness among them." Sunday speaks 1.75 hours "Though my spirit seemed somewhat bound in consequence of the dissensions among the brethren—but I laboured hard to stir them up." <i>Journals of William E. McLellin: 1831&#45;1836</i>, edited by Jan Shipps and John W. Welch. &#40;Urbana: University of Illinois Press; Provo: BYU Studies, 1994&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">McLellin journals, 140. Oct. 12, 1834 William E. McLellin Small congregation at schoolhouse. Lorin Babbitt opens with prayer. Speaks 2 hours on the Kingdom of Christ, Book of Mormon, "latter day saints," Covenants and Articles. "We did not break bread because there was such a general division in the Church."  
Auburn / Geauga   1831 Christopher M. and Emily Rockford Stafford Move from Manchester, New York to Auburn.     Jan. 15, 1832 Sidney Rigdon, William McLellin Sidney speaks two hours, McLellin fifteen minutes. "the people did not hearken to the councils of Heaven at all." Leave for Warren next day. <i>Journals of William E. McLellin: 1831&#45;1836</i>, edited by Jan Shipps and John W. Welch. &#40;Urbana: University of Illinois Press; Provo: BYU Studies, 1994&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">McLellin journals, 69.
Austinburg / Trumbull   1831 Levi Hancock Picks up turnpike that runs from Ashtabula through Austinburg, Unionville, to Painesville. ¶ Levi Hancock
Bainbridge / Geauga   Dec. 1825 Sidney Rigdon Moves to farm on his father-in-law's land, begins to preach. ¶ Autobiographical Sketch of Sidney Rigdon to 1830
Bellefontaine / Logan   May [13–14], 1834 Sylvester Smith "… we first discovered refractory feelings in Sylvester Smith." ¶ Heber's Accounts of Zion's Camp (1)
Black River Township / Lorain   1824–Aug. 1830 Parley P. Pratt Residence. Black River Historical Society
Brownhelm (3 mi. W of Amherst) / Lorain   August 18, 1833 John E. Page Baptized by Emer Harris. ¶ John E. Page (h)
Burton (11 mi. S of Chardon) / Geauga   [1828–1829] Orson Hyde Studies 2 terms at Burton Academy, studies with Matthew J. Clapp (summer), goes on a reformed Baptist mission with Sidney Rigdon in the fall. ¶ Orson Hyde (h)
Chagrin [Willoughby, 1834] (3 mi. NW of Kirtland) / Geauga [Lake, 1840]   1820 Hancock family Family of Thomas Hancock and Amy Ward Hancock move to Chagrin from Ontario County, New York. Levi Hancock   1830   Census. ¶ 1830 Census: Kirtland, et. al.   Nov. 1831 Alger, Hancock families Home of Samuel Alger and Clarissa Hancock Algers, her parents, and several siblings. Parley P. Pratt baptizes Clarissa and her father, Thomas Hancock, with Sidney Rigdon and many others in Mayfield, Nov. 14, 1831. ¶ Levi Hancock 1833 Joseph H. Wakefield Joseph H. Wakefield and family move to Chagrin. Joseph H. Wakefield
Oct. 29, 1835 Church presidency and Kirtland high council Members in Chagrin scandalized by alleged abuse by David and Mary Elliott on their children. Witnesses: Aaron C. Lyon and his wife, Roxanna, Erastus Babbitt, Sister Osgood, Sister Childs Minutes of October 29 1835
Chagrin Falls (18 mi. S of Chagrin) / Cuyahoga   Late 1831 Adamson Bentley Sidney's Baptist mentor moves to Chagrin Falls from Warren. <i>Early History of the Disciples in the Western Reserve, Ohio</i>, A. S. Hayden &#40;Cincinnati: Chase & Hall, 1876&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Hayden history, 106.
Chardon (county seat, 18 mi. E of Kirtland) / Geauga   1818 Ezra Booth Arrives, forms Methodist class of ten members. <i>Pioneer and General History of Geauga County, with Sketches of Some of the Pioneers and Prominent Men.<i> Published by the Historical Society of Geauga County, 1880.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Geauga history, 299.   1819, 1820 Ira Eddy Preaches every two weeks. (After his disaffection from Mormonism, Ezra Booth details his experience in letters to Ira Eddy which are then published in the Ohio Star (1831). <i>Pioneer and General History of Geauga County, with Sketches of Some of the Pioneers and Prominent Men.<i> Published by the Historical Society of Geauga County, 1880.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Geauga history, 299.   Oct. 23, 1828 Frederick G. Williams, Rebecca Swain Williams Residence. ¶ Frederick G. Williams   1830   Census. ¶ 1830 Census: Kirtland, et. al.   June 1831 Church "The Church at Chardon Ohio was also anxious to take their journey to Missouri: and by much teasing they obtained a permit to take their journey." <i>From Historian to Dissident: The Book of John Whitmer</i>, edited by Bruce N. Westergren &#40;Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 1995 &#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">J. Whitmer, 82–83.

also: in addition to the Colesville church
  Jan. 13, 1834 Joseph Wakefield Testifies against Joseph Smith at the Court of Common Pleas. Court determines Joseph does have "reason to fear that Doctor P. Hurlbut would beat wound or kill him or injur his property," and directs Hurlbut to keep the peace and post a $200 bond plus court costs of $112.59. ¶ Joseph Wakefield   Apr. 2–3, 1834 Joseph Smith, D. P. Hurlbut Joseph attends court in Chardon, Ohio, accusing D. P. Hurlbut of assault and threatening his life. Joseph Smith diary &#40;Nov. 27, 1832&#45;Dec. 5, 1834&#41;. <i>Selected Collections</i>, 1:20 // <i>Personal Writings of Joseph Smith</i>, rev. ed., 10&#45;81. Original, Church Archives, MS 155.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Diary-1 in <i>Papers of Joseph Smith, Volume 2: Journal, 1832&#45;1842</i>, edited by Dean C. Jessee &#40;Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1992&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Papers, 28 // <i>Zion in the Courts: A Legal History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter&#45;day Saints</i>, Edwin Brown Firmage and Richard Collin Mangrum &#40;Urbana: University of Illinois Press&#41;, 1988.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Zion in court, 52; <i>History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter&#45;day Saints</i>, edited by B. H. Roberts, 7 vols. &#40;Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1902&#45;1912, 1932&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">HC 2:47.   Apr. 5, 1834 John Johnson, Joseph Smith John Johnson petitions the court of common pleas in Chardon for a license to maintain a tavern in Kirtland. Joseph testifies in his behalf. Joseph Smith diary &#40;Nov. 27, 1832&#45;Dec. 5, 1834&#41;. <i>Selected Collections</i>, 1:20 // <i>Personal Writings of Joseph Smith</i>, rev. ed., 10&#45;81. Original, Church Archives, MS 155.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Diary-1 in <i>Papers of Joseph Smith, Volume 2: Journal, 1832&#45;1842</i>, edited by Dean C. Jessee &#40;Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1992&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Papers, 28n4.

In 1837 a committee was appointed to "see if he would desist from selling spirituous liquors to those who were in the habit of getting intoxicated, and report to the authorities of the Church those members who might drink spirits at his house." ¶ Reynolds Cahoon
  Apr. 9, 1834 Joseph Smith, D. P. Hurlbut Court binds D. P. Philastus Hurlbut over under $200 bond to keep the peace for six months and pay nearly $112.59 in court costs. Joseph Smith diary &#40;Nov. 27, 1832&#45;Dec. 5, 1834&#41;. <i>Selected Collections</i>, 1:20 // <i>Personal Writings of Joseph Smith</i>, rev. ed., 10&#45;81. Original, Church Archives, MS 155.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Diary-1 in <i>Papers of Joseph Smith, Volume 2: Journal, 1832&#45;1842</i>, edited by Dean C. Jessee &#40;Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1992&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Papers, 28–29 // <i>Zion in the Courts: A Legal History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter&#45;day Saints</i>, Edwin Brown Firmage and Richard Collin Mangrum &#40;Urbana: University of Illinois Press&#41;, 1988.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Zion in court, 52; <i>History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter&#45;day Saints</i>, edited by B. H. Roberts, 7 vols. &#40;Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1902&#45;1912, 1932&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">HC 2:49; <i>Early Mormon Documents</i>, compiled and edited by Dan Vogel. 4 vols. &#40;Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Early documents 1:23 cites the court judgment dated March 31.
Charleston (on Lake Erie; Lorain, 1874) / Lorain   1834   Village site surveyed.  
Chippewa Township / Wayne   Formed in 1815. Doyleston, the principal village, began in 1827. It is 11 mi. SW of New Portage.   [May–June] 1831 Luke S. Johnson, Robert Rathburn "… performed a mission to the southern part of Ohio … where we baptized several and organized a branch in Chippewa." ¶ Luke S. Johnson (h)   [Late Aug.] 1832 Amasa Lyman, Zerubbabel Snow Visit; members include a brother Baldwin Welton, a brother Bosinger. ¶ Amasa Lyman   May 1834 Zion's Camp First stop after New Portage.  
Cincinnati / Hamilton   March [4], 1831 Parley P. Pratt (h) Reaches Cincinnati after one week travel from St. Louis. <i>Autobiography of Parley P. Pratt</i>, edited by Scot Facer Proctor and Maurine Jensen Proctor &#40;Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 2000&#41;. Originally published as <i>Autobiography of Parley Parker Pratt</i>, edited by Parley P. Pratt Jr. &#40;New York: Published for the Editor and Proprietor by Russell Brothers, 1874&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Parley P. Pratt, 67.   [June–July] 1831 Joseph Smith party Reaches Cincinnati enroute to Independence. Joseph has an interview with Walter Scott, who is not impressed. , 126 // [SHOWREF=p1, 356 // <i>History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter&#45;day Saints</i>, edited by B. H. Roberts, 7 vols. &#40;Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1902&#45;1912, 1932&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">HC 1:188.   August 1831 Joseph Smith party Pawn trunk on return trip for travel expenses. ¶ Ezra Booth Letter 7   Feb. 6–Mar. 6, 1835 Orson Pratt, Lorenzo D. Barnes Baptize "some." ¶ Orson Pratt (h2)
Cleveland / Cuyahoga   [Feb.] 1831 John Murdock "and others"       Oct. 1834 Oliver Cowdery "Cleveland is a pleasantly situated town at the mouth of the Cuyahoga River, and is improving. The Canal from the south has increased its trade, and it now affords a market. The harbor is good, and was built at considerable expense. … many foreigners of late, have taken residence in the town and vicinity—Swiss and German. These, generally, are circumspect, peaceable, and industrious." Oliver Cowdery (Pontiac, M. T.) , Oct. 20, 1834, <i>Latter Day Saints&#39; Messenger and Advocate<i>')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">MA 1, no. 1 (Oct. 1834): 3.
Columbus / Franklin   Apr. 20, 1835 Orson Pratt I saw a man passing, whom I felt impressed to speak to. He was a Saint, and the only one in the city. I stopped at his house, and there read a late number of the Messenger and Advocate. Found that I had been chosen one of the Twelve Apostles, and was requested to be in Kirtland on the 26th of April. ¶ Orson Pratt (h2)    Jan. [8 or 9], 1836 Oliver Cowdery, Cyprian Rudd Oliver visits Cyprian, a member whose wife is ""very low of a fever." Oliver Cowdery, diary, 1836, titled &#34;Oliver Cowdery&#39;s Sketch Book,&#34; MS 2737 box 85, fd. 1 // &#34;Oliver Cowdery&#39;s Kirtland, Ohio, &#39;Sketch Book,&#39;&#34; edited by Leonard J. Arrington in <i>BYU Studies</i> 12, no. 4 &#40;Summer 1972&#41;: 410&#45;426.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Oliver's 1836 diary, 414.
Conneaut (previously known as Salem, 11 mi. W of Springfield, PA) / Ashtabula   Jan. 21, 1833 John Boynton, Evan Greene Preach at Sherman's Corners, "had good attention." Evan M. Greene, Diary &#40;1832&#45;1852&#41;, Church Archives, MS1442 &#40;CD of holograph&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Evan M. Greene, 2.   Jan. 28, 29, 1833 John Boynton, Evan Greene Preach in school house "near Vandeverters," the next night at "Furgersone's school house in the town of Conneaut … no open opposition here but a verry uneasy congregation not much prospect at present." Evan M. Greene, Diary &#40;1832&#45;1852&#41;, Church Archives, MS1442 &#40;CD of holograph&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Evan M. Greene, 4.
East Liverpool (on the Ohio River, 5 mi. E of Wellsville) / Columbiana   Aug. 1834 Lorenzo Young, Isaac Hill Home of Lorenzo Young and Isaac Hill, who certify they are "perfectly satisfied" with Joseph Smith's behavior on Zion's Camp. Minutes of Aug. 23, 1834


Elyria / Lorain   1829 Sidney Rigdon, Matthew S. Clapp The church "began in the tour of Clapp and Rigdon in 1829. … Church formed in 1832. It increased till there were forty members." <i>Early History of the Disciples in the Western Reserve, Ohio</i>, A. S. Hayden &#40;Cincinnati: Chase & Hall, 1876&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Hayden history, 467.   Fall 1829 Sidney Rigdon, Orson Hyde Mission to Lorain and Huron counties. "[W]e baptized a great number of people into the new faith organized several branches of the Church, and returned again to Mentor." ¶ Orson Hyde (h)   Spring 1830 Orson Hyde Becomes pastor of the Elyria and Florence churches. Teaches school in fall and winter of 1830. ¶ Orson Hyde (h)   [Nov.–Dec.] 1831 Hyrum Smith, Orson Hyde Mission to Elyria, Florence. Convert former followers, organize 2 or 3 branches. ¶ Orson Hyde (h)
Euclid (11 mi. W of Kirtland on Lake Erie) / Cuyahoga   Oct. 31, 1830 Josiah Jones, Isaac Morley Attend meeting, first learn of Book of Mormon. ¶ History of the Mormonites   Jan. [17], 1831 Hyrum Smith Tries to hold a meeting, "But the wicked raged in Such a maner that we Could not keep order and was oBlieged to DisSmiss the meeting." Continues on to Cleveland, Amherst, Florence. Hyrum Smith Diary [1831&#45;1832]. Hyrum Smith Papers. Vault MSS 774. L. Tom Perry Special Collections. Harold B. Lee Library, BYU.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Hyrum's diary, 12.
Fairfield (on the Miami River, 12 miles W of Steubenville) / Butler County   August 11, 1832 Jesse Gause, Zebedee Coltrin Stop enroute to Pittsburgh. Zebedee Coltrin diary. Church Archives, MS 1443 item 1.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Zebedee's diary, 30.
Fairport Harbor (2.5 miles N of Painesville) / Geauga [Lake, 1840]   1834 Oliver Cowdery "Fairport is an excellent harbor … Government has expended a considerable amount in extending its Piers several rods into the Lake, at the end of which a small Light House is now being finished to render the ingress of vessels more easy during the dark gales … " MA 1, no. 1 (Oct. 1834): 3.
Florence (21 mi. W of Elyria) / Huron [Erie, 1840]   Fall 1829 Orson Hyde, Sidney Rigdon Mission to Lorain and Huron counties, establish several Campbellite churches, including Elyria and Lorain. ¶ Orson Hyde (h)   Spring 1830 Orson Hyde Returns after winter in Mentor to pastor Elyria and Florence churches. Teaches school in Florence, fall and winter 1830. ¶ Orson Hyde (h)   1830 Orson Hyde Reads part of Book of Mormon, concludes it is fiction, denounces it. ¶ Orson Hyde (h)   [Nov.–Dec.] 1831 Orson Hyde, Hyrum Smith Mission to Elyria, Florence. Convert former followers, organize 2 or 3 branches. ¶ Orson Hyde (h)   [Sept.] 1833 David W. Patten Moves to Florence for a few weeks, gets sick, goes on another mission. ¶ David W. Patten (h)   Jan. 19, 1832 Hyrum Smith "from thence to flourence passing through amherst held a meeting at Brother moses Daylys on the 19th of January having the good pleasure to through the mercy of god of meeting a goodly memBer of our Broths and sisters from Newlondon." Stays at Brother Blackman's house. Hyrum Smith Diary [1831&#45;1832]. Hyrum Smith Papers. Vault MSS 774. L. Tom Perry Special Collections. Harold B. Lee Library, BYU.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Hyrum's diary, 13–14.   May 1834 Orson Hyde Picks up $100–200 owed him to help finance camp he is leading from the East to Zion. ¶ Orson Hyde (h)
Garrettsville / Portage   April 1829 Sidney Rigdon Sidney's Mantua Center church divides to form congregations in Hiram, Nelson, and Garrettsville.     Nov. 17, 1832 William E. McLellin, Samuel H. Smith William preaches to "very attentive congregation" for an hour and a half before "some wicked wretch or wret[c]hes" start burning "some odious smelling thing," which broke up the meeting     Nov. 18, 1832 William E. McLellin, Samuel H. Smith Attend a Campbellite meeting, bear testimony, "but they rejected all with disdain and desired us to depart out of their coasts. We did so and wiped the dust of our feet against them." <i>Journals of William E. McLellin: 1831&#45;1836</i>, edited by Jan Shipps and John W. Welch. &#40;Urbana: University of Illinois Press; Provo: BYU Studies, 1994&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">McLellin journals, 61.
Grafton / Lorain   Feb. 20, 1841 Zebedee Coltrin Organizes branch with 12 members. ¶ Zebedee Coltrin
Harpersfield (26 mi. NE of Kirtland) / Ashtabula   Nov. 7, 1813 William Cahoon Birthplace. William F. Cahoon autobiography. Microfilm of manuscript. Church Archives, MS 8433.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">William F. Cahoon autobio   Oct. 1830 John Corrill Home when missionaries Oliver Cowdery, Parley P. Pratt, Zebedee Coltrin, and Peter Whitmer Jr. arrive on their way to Kirtland and Missouri. John rides to warn Sidney Rigdon in Mentor but arrives after he has been converted. ¶ John Corrill
Hiram Township / Portage   One of the original Western Reserve townships, originally including Mantua, Shalersville, Freedom, Windom, and Nelson. "The name of the township, Hiram, was suggested by Col. Tilden, who proposed it to all the original proprietors, who were Freemasons, in honor of an Illustrious Ancient Master Workman well known to the fraternity." <i>History of Portage County, Ohio</i> &#40;Chicago: Warner, Beers & Co., 1885; rev. ed., Portage County Historical Society, Inc., Ravenna, Ohio, 1972&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Portage history, 466, 470.   Jan. 6, 1814 Symonds Ryder Buys 115 acres, builds a home, finds himself "surrounded by old acquaintances; for Hiram was a Vermont colony." Returns to Vermont for his family the following winter. ¶ Symonds Ryder   [1816] Symonds Ryder Symonds and Jason Ryder arrive with their parents and sisters. <i>History of Portage County, Ohio</i> &#40;Chicago: Warner, Beers & Co., 1885; rev. ed., Portage County Historical Society, Inc., Ravenna, Ohio, 1972&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Portage history, 470.   March 4, 1818 John Johnson John's and four other families from Pomfret and Hartford, Vermont arrive. ¶ John Johnson   Apr. 18, 1829 Sidney Rigdon Sidney's Mantua Center church divides. Thirty-seven in Hiram and Nelson form one church, and another is formed in Shalersville. <i>Early History of the Disciples in the Western Reserve, Ohio</i>, A. S. Hayden &#40;Cincinnati: Chase & Hall, 1876&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Hayden history, 238.   Oct. 11, 1831 Conference David Whitmer and Reynolds Cahoon are "ordained to their office or appointment" of fund raising. Minutes of October 11, 1831   Oct. 29, 1831 Joseph Smith, William E. McLellin Revelation: William to take Samuel on a mission east. D&C 66   Nov. 1–2, 1831 Conference Joseph Smith, Oliver Cowdery, David Whitmer, John Whitmer, Peter Whitmer Jr., Sidney Rigdon, William E. McLellin (h), Orson Hyde, Luke Johnson, Lyman Johnson to publish 10,000 copies of the Book of Commandments. D&C 1 received between sessions. Brethren bear witness to the truth of the Book of Commandments. Minutes of November 1–2, 1831   Sept. 12, 1831 Joseph Smith, Emma Smith Joseph, Emma, and the twins move to Hiram.     Mar. 24, 1832 Joseph Smith, Sidney Rigdon Joseph and Sidney are tarred and feathered. 1832 Tarring of Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon
Huntsburg (19 mi. SE of Kirtland) / Geauga   Mar. 29, 1835 Joseph Smith Preaches 3 hours Sunday "where William E. McLellin had been {debating} holding a public discussion on a challenge from Mr I. M. Tracy, a campbellite preacher, the two days previous. on the divinity of the book of Mormon. at the close of which two were baptized. and on monday four more came forward for baptism." , 588 // <i>History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter&#45;day Saints</i>, edited by B. H. Roberts, 7 vols. &#40;Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1902&#45;1912, 1932&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">HC 2:218.

I. M.: J. M. in <i>History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter&#45;day Saints</i>, edited by B. H. Roberts, 7 vols. &#40;Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1902&#45;1912, 1932&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">HC.

Kirtland / Geauga   Jan. 30, 1831 Sidney Rigdon Returns from New York. January [6–13] John Whitmer Arrives from New York with revelations. Zion extends from Kirtland to the Pacific Ocean. ¶ 1831 Chronology Feb. [1], 1831 Joseph, Emma Smith Arrive from New York.   Feb. 27, 1831 Orson Pratt, William Smith Arrive from New York. ¶ Joseph to Hyrum, March 3–4, 1831 June 13, 1831 Joseph Smith, Sidney Rigdon, Martin Harris, W. W. Phelps, Edward Partridge, Sidney and Elizabeth Gilbert, Joseph Coe Leave Kirtland for Jackson County (900 miles). ¶ 1831 Chronology 1833 John Johnson Moves to Kirtland from Hiram. Marinda Johnson Hyde in <i>Women of Mormondom</i>, Edward W. Tullidge &#40;New York: author&#41;, 1877; on <i>GospeLink 2001</i> CD&#45;ROM &#40;Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company&#41;, 2000.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Women of Mormondom, 404.
Lawrence Co. (Ohio's southernmost county)   1832 Luke S. Johnson, Seymour Brunson Organize branch. ¶ Luke S. Johnson (h)   Late Aug. 1832 Amasa Lyman, Zerubabel Snow "… our destination was the southern part of the State of Ohio, where Elders Seymour Brunson and Luke Johnson (h) had been laboring, and had built up a small Branch of the Church. We continued here and in Cabell county, [West] Virginia, until the following spring, during which time there were some forty souls added to the Church." ¶ Amasa Lyman (h)

Cabell County, West Virginia is across the river from Lawrence Co., Ohio.
  Fall 1833 Luke S. Johnson "I visited the branches raised up in Lawrence County, Ohio, and preached and baptized in that vicinity." ¶ Luke S. Johnson (h)
Madison (11 E of Painesville along S Ridge Road) / Geauga County   August 2, 1832 Jesse Gause, Zebedee Coltrin Preach at Chancy Lovlin's "in which good attention was paid" Zebedee Coltrin diary. Church Archives, MS 1443 item 1.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Zebedee's diary, 29.
Mantua Township / Portage   1809 Oliver Snow Elder Jones founds Baptist church in Mantua, baptizes Oliver Snow and wife in the Cuyahogua River. Church meets in the first schoolhouse. <i>History of Portage County, Ohio</i> &#40;Chicago: Warner, Beers & Co., 1885; rev. ed., Portage County Historical Society, Inc., Ravenna, Ohio, 1972&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Portage history, 484.   1810 Oliver Snow Listed in 1810 census as head of a family of six. Total population, 152, "a great decrease within that year." <i>History of Portage County, Ohio</i> &#40;Chicago: Warner, Beers & Co., 1885; rev. ed., Portage County Historical Society, Inc., Ravenna, Ohio, 1972&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Portage history, 480.   1826 Sidney Rigdon Serves as preacher in Baptist church.  
Mantua Center, Mantua Township / Portage History at RootsWeb   Jan. 1, 1827 Sidney Rigdon Organizes a reformed Baptist church (aka, in 1830 as "disciples of Christ" or popularly, Campbellite), taking almost all the members of the old Baptist Church with him." ¶ Sidney Rigdon

<i>History of Portage County, Ohio</i> &#40;Chicago: Warner, Beers & Co., 1885; rev. ed., Portage County Historical Society, Inc., Ravenna, Ohio, 1972&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Portage history, 484.
  April 18, 1829 Sidney Rigdon Sidney's church divides. Thirty-seven in Hiram and Nelson form one church, and another is formed in Shalersville. ¶ Sidney Rigdon   March 21, 1830 Adamson Bentley Ordains Darwin Atwater an elder and Seth Harmon a deacon in the "disciples of Christ" congregation. Other members are Seth Sanford, Seth Harmon, and "a number of excellent sisters." Darwin Atwater to A. S. Hayden, Apr. 26, 1873, <i>Early History of the Disciples in the Western Reserve, Ohio</i>, A. S. Hayden &#40;Cincinnati: Chase & Hall, 1876&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Hayden history, 239.
Mayfield (9 mi. SW of Kirtland) / Cuyahoga   Township organized in 1819.     1805 Rufus Mapes First settler in what became Highland Heights in Mayfield Township. Early convert, defected when asked to consecrate his farm. Rufus "said he did not read in his Bible that the Lord required his farm. He and many others left them." "Joel Miller’s Statement," 1, no. 2 (Apr. 1888): 2.   1830   Census. ¶ 1830 Census: Kirtland, et. al.   Nov. 1, 1830 Lyman Wight (h) (swh) Lyman is moving to Mayfield to lead the new common stock community of five families when he hears of the Mormon missionaries ¶ Lyman Wight Journal   Nov. 1830 Levi Hancock, Parley P. Pratt (h), Sidney Rigdon Levi hears Parley and Sidney preach. Levi's father, Thomas, and sister Clarissa Hancock Alger are baptized. ¶ Levi Hancock Nov. 7, 1830 Lamanite missionaries Preach, baptize, and confirm "about thirty" (based on November 5 baptismal date for John Murdock). SHOWREF=impact], 483.
Mentor Township (adjacent to Kirtland Township on the north) / Geauga   Oct. 28, 1820 Algernon Sidney Gilbert Purchases an acre, starts a store. N. K. Whitney learns the trade working in the store until 1821. ¶ Algernon Sidney Gilbert   June 1826 Sidney Rigdon Preaches funeral sermon of reformed Baptist minister. In the fall, Sidney is called to be the pastor in Mentor. <i>Early History of the Disciples in the Western Reserve, Ohio</i>, A. S. Hayden &#40;Cincinnati: Chase & Hall, 1876&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Hayden history, 191.   [1828] Sidney Rigdon Moves to Mentor at request of Baptists there. ¶ Autobiographical Sketch of Sidney Rigdon to 1830   1830   Census. ¶ 1830 Census: Kirtland, et. al.   Oct. [27 or 28], 1830 Oliver Cowdery, Sidney Rigdon Lamanite missionaries call on Sidney in Mentor. The next morning, he tells the Clapps, "It's all a lie!" ¶ Missionaries in Kirtland, 1830 Apr. 1835 Parley P. Pratt Egged by townspeople. Egging of Parley P. Pratt (1835)
Middlebury / Portage [Summit, 1840]   [Jan.–Feb.] 1832 William E. McLellin Drops out of mission with Luke S. Johnson to work. ¶ Luke S. Johnson (h)
Nelson Township (35 mi. SE of Kirtland, 5 E of Hiram) / Portage   Spring 1816 or Sept. 1817 Formed out of Hiram Township. <i>History of Portage County, Ohio</i> &#40;Chicago: Warner, Beers & Co., 1885; rev. ed., Portage County Historical Society, Inc., Ravenna, Ohio, 1972&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Portage history, 474, 492.   July 30, 1808 Bethesda Baptist church "Bethesda" church, with members in Nelson, Hiram and Mantua, is organized in Nelson. Nelson, Hiram and Mantua. Created primarily through the efforts of Deacon John Rudolph of Maryland, who settled near the site of Garrettsville in 1806. William West was the first pastor for a few years, then Thomas Miller. When the reform movement reached Ohio, the Bethesda church broke up. Bethesda belonged first to the Beaver Association, then to the Mahoning Baptist Association (organized 1820). <i>Early History of the Disciples in the Western Reserve, Ohio</i>, A. S. Hayden &#40;Cincinnati: Chase & Hall, 1876&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Hayden history, 237; <i>Buckeye Disciples: A History of the Disciples of Christ in Ohio</i>, Henry K. Shaw &#40;St. Louis: Ohio Christian Missionary Society&#41;, 1952.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Buckeye disciples, 24.   1824 Reforming Baptists "The reformed views effected a lodgment among the members of this church early in 1824, and after a series of struggles to reconcile differences of opinion on the question of creeds, and on some points of doctrine, seventeen members were excommunicated for heresy. The heretics represented the largest share of the intelligence and piety of the Bethesda Church; moreover, but eight votes were cast for the exscinding resolution. They were citizens of Nelson, Hiram, and Mantua; and being devoted to the Bible and the religion of the New Testament, they met successively for worship on Lord's days in these Townships." <i>Early History of the Disciples in the Western Reserve, Ohio</i>, A. S. Hayden &#40;Cincinnati: Chase & Hall, 1876&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Hayden history, 247.   [Feb.–Mar.] 1831 John Whitmer, Lyman Wight (h) (swh) John returns to Kirtland for Apr. 9, 1831 conference after organizing Nelson church. Book of John Whitmer, typescript by Andrew Jenson. LDS Church Archives and Community of Christ &#40;RLDS&#41; Archives.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Whitmer history typescript in <i>From Historian to Dissident: The Book of John Whitmer</i>, edited by Bruce N. Westergren &#40;Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 1995 &#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">J. Whitmer, 55. Sept. 6, 1831 Joseph, Sidney, Oliver, others Silence Ezra Booth as an elder. Minutes of September 6, 1831 Nov. 16, 1831 William E. McLellin, Samuel H. Smith First stop on their mission from Hiram. "[T]he brethren were much animated and made known their good determinations and zeal for the cause of thruth." <i>Journals of William E. McLellin: 1831&#45;1836</i>, edited by Jan Shipps and John W. Welch. &#40;Urbana: University of Illinois Press; Provo: BYU Studies, 1994&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">McLellin journals, 61.
New Garden (9 miles S of Salem) / Columbiana County   August 10, 1832 Jesse Gause, Zebedee Coltrin Stay with Joseph Ingram enroute to Pittsburgh. Zebedee Coltrin diary. Church Archives, MS 1443 item 1.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Zebedee's diary, 29–30.
New London (79 mi. W of Kirtland) / Huron   Feb. [10] –Mar. [3], 1831 John Corrill, Solomon Hancock "We went to New London, about one hundred miles from Kirtland, where we built up a church of thirty-six members in about three weeks time, though we were bitterly opposed by other preachers. After which we returned to Kirtland." <i>Brief History of the Church of Christ of Latter Day Saints &#40;Commonly Called Mormons&#41;</i>, John Corrill &#40;St. Louis: author, 1839&#41; on Dale Broadhurst website, http://olivercowdery.com/smithhome/1830s/1839Corl.htm. Also on <i>New Mormon Studies CD&#45;ROM</i>.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Corrill history, 17.   Jan. 19, 1832 Hyrum Smith "from thence to flourence passing through amherst held a meeting at Brother moses Daylys on the 19th of January having the good pleasure to through the mercy of god of meeting a goodly memBer of our Broths and sisters from Newlondon." Stays at Brother Blackman's house. Hyrum Smith Diary [1831&#45;1832]. Hyrum Smith Papers. Vault MSS 774. L. Tom Perry Special Collections. Harold B. Lee Library, BYU.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Hyrum's diary, 13–14.
New Portage, Norton Township (55 mi. S of Kirtland, 2 mi. E of Norton) / Medina [Summit, 1840]   On the Tuscarawas River/Ohio-Erie Canal; now part of Barberton.     [June] 1831 Early missionaries "In the year 1831, Ezra Booth preached at the 'Bates Corners' in Norton, to a numerous assembly, where I, for the first time, saw the book of Mormon, and was taught from it. … [62] … we afterward received preaching from brother R. Cahoon, David Whitmer, and Lyman Johnson, and after that, also by brother Thomas B. Marsh (h) and others … and the way being thus prepared, the Lord in his providence, sent brother Milton Stow among us, who baptized a number of persons, some of whom belonged to the Methodist Church—which … caused the preachers, which had charge of the circuit, to stand forth with great exertions to prevent its influence spreading further; and with the strongest expression of their exasperated feelings, thundered out anathamies and divine vengeance on the heads of those 'wolves in sheeps clothing,' ….

Ambrose Palmer, Jan. 28, 1835, to the editor, <i>Latter Day Saints&#39; Messenger and Advocate<i>')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">MA 1, no. 4 (Jan. 1835): 61–62.

Also, ¶ Ezra Booth.

      "At this time, being April, 1833, God, … sent us brother Sidney Rigdon, who opened the scriptures to our understanding … showing us the fruits which the gospel produced in former ages, as also the gifts that were in the church—such as visions, revelation, the ministration of angels, the gift of the holy spirit, and prophecy—and that these were again restored to the world and were found in the 'mormon church.' Many now obeyed the gospel and were baptized, at which time myself also, received baptism.         "This little branch continued to increase rapidly for some time, … till the number, in the beginning of 1q834, amounted to something more than sixty. For a few months the work of gathering seemed almost to cease, … and there has been additions to the church … till the number now remaining, according to our church record, is ninety three: one has died; six have moved away, and two have been cut off from the church."       Ezra Booth Preaches the Book of Mormon in Bates Corners, , enroute to Independence. [Oct.–Dec.] 1831 Ezra Booth Writes nine letters opposing Mormonism to Rev. Ira Eddy. They are published in the Ohio Star, Ravenna. Ezra Booth Letters May 2, 1833 Joseph, Sidney, Frederick Rule several ordinations "illegal." Minutes of May 2, 1833 Apr. 20–21, 1834 Joseph, Sidney, Oliver, Zebedee Coltrin Attend conference, raising funds and volunteers for Zion's Camp. "A large congregation of Saints." <i>Times and Seasons</i>')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">TS 6, no. 19 (Dec. 15, 1845): 1058, 1059–1061. May 1, 1834   Kirtland contingent of Zion's Camp leaves for New Portage. ¶ Wilford Woodruff 1:9 May 5, 1834   Zion's Camp leaves for Missouri. <i>Encyclopedic History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter&#45;day Saints</i>, Andrew Jenson &#40;Salt Lake City: Deseret News Publishing Company, 1941&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Encyclopedic history, 577. May 6, 1834   First group that left Kirtland on May 1 is joined in New Portage by the rest of the company and leaves May 8. ¶ Wilford Woodruff; ¶ Heber's Accounts of Zion's Camp May 7, 1834 Amasa Lyman, John Tanner Amasa, John and his sons join the Camp. ¶ Amasa Lyman (h) May 16, 1834 Joseph Smith Arrives with a hundred members of Zion's Camp. <i>The Orson Pratt Journals</i>, compiled and arranged by Elden J. Watson &#40;Salt Lake City: Elden J. Watson, 1975&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Orson Pratt journals, 40. Sept. 8, 1834 Joseph Smith, Oliver Cowdery Attend conference. Joseph explains gift of tongues to be used for preaching the gospel to other nations and languages, not for governance of the church. ¶ Minutes of Sept. 8, 1834 Winter 1834–1835 Parley P. Pratt Spends the winter, then to Kirtland. ¶ Parley P. Pratt (h) June 6,