Mormon History 1830-1844

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Bishop
Edward Partridge
February 4, 1831 9 [11] And again, I have called my servant Edward Partridge; and I give a commandment, that he should be appointed by the voice of the church, and ordained a bishop unto the church, to leave his merchandise and to spend all his time in the labors of the church; D&C 41
  10 To see to all things as it shall be appointed unto him in my laws in the day that I shall give them.    
  11 [12] And this because his heart is pure before me, for he is like unto Nathanael of old, in whom there is no guile.    
   
   
Manage consecrated properties    
February 9, 1831   Book of Commandments [1833] 1835 D&C 13   ¶ D&C 42
Consecrated property to bishop   [26]…and they shall be laid before the bishop of my church, and two of the elders, such as he shall appoint and set apart for that purpose. [8] … and they shall be laid before the bishop of my church and his counsellors, two of the elders, or high priests, such as he shall or has appointed and set apart for that purpose.   The earliest manuscript is in the Book of Commandments, Law and Covenants, Book B [1832]. There are no consequential differences between it and the Book of Commandments.

Red: added or substituted in the John Whitmer history and Book of Commandments
Men stewards over their property   [27] And it shall come to pass that the bishop of my church, after that he hath received the properties of my church that it cannot be taken from the church, he shall appoint every man a steward, over his own property, or that which he hath received, inasmuch as is sufficient for himself and family: [9] And it shall come to pass, that after they are laid before the bishop of my church, and after that he has received these testimonies concerning the consecration of the properties of my church, that they cannot be taken from the church, agreeable to my commandments, every man shall be made accountable unto me, a steward over his own property, or that which he has received by consecration, inasmuch as is sufficient for himself and family.  
Surplus retained   [28] And the residue shall be kept to administer to him who has not, that every man may receive according as he stands in need:      
In storehouse for:

Poor, land purchases, New Jerusalem
  [29] And the residue shall be kept in my storehouse, to administer to the poor and needy, as shall be appointed by the elders of the church and the bishop; and for the purpose of purchasing lands, and the building up of the New Jerusalem which is hereafter to be revealed … [10] And again, if there shall be properties in the hands of the church, or any individuals of it, more than is necessary for their support after this first consecration, which is a residue to be consecrated unto the bishop, it shall be kept to administer to those who have not, from time to time, that every man who has need may be amply supplied and receive according to his wants. Therefore, the residue shall be kept in my storehouse, to administer to the poor and the needy, as shall be appointed by the high council of the church, and the bishop and his council; And for the purpose of purchasing lands for the public benefit of the church, and building houses of worship, and building up of the New Jerusalem which is hereafter to be revealed—    
   
   
Assign inheritances    
March [8–13], 1831

Distribute New Jerusalem land
6 And they [members coming from New York] shall be appointed to purchase the lands, and to make a commencement to lay the foundation of the city; [5] and then shall ye begin to be gathered with your families, every man according to his family, according to his circumstances, and as is appointed to him by the presidency and the bishop and elders of the church, according to the laws and commandments which ye have received, and which ye shall hereafter receive. Even so. Amen.   D&C 48

Red: added in 1835
Blue: dropped in 1835
   
   
Manager and judge
November 11, 1831

Manage temporal matters
68 Wherefore, the office of a bishop is not equal unto it; for the office of a bishop is in administering all temporal things; that he D&C 107:59–100

it: President of the High Priesthood
71 may be set apart unto the ministering of temporal things, having a knowledge of them by the Spirit of truth;
A judge 72 And also to be a judge in Israel, to do the business of the church, to sit in judgment upon transgressors upon testimony as it shall be laid before him according to the laws, by the assistance of his counselors, whom he has chosen or will choose among the elders of the church. David Whitmer cites vs. 72–84 in May 1837 to derail proceeding against him. Minutes of May 29, 1837
In Zion or abroad 74 Thus shall he be a judge, even a common judge among the inhabitants of Zion, until the borders of Zion are enlarged and it becomes necessary to have other bishops or judges.
75 And inasmuch as there are other bishops appointed they shall act in the same office.
 
 
Newel K. Whitney    
Bishop for Kirtland 2 for verely thus Saith the Lord it is expedient in me for a Bishop to be appointed unto you or of you unto the church in thiS part of the LordS vineyard   D&C 72, Dec. 4, 1832.
Stewardship accounting 5 verely I Say unt[o] you the ElderS of the church in this part of my vineyard Shall render an account of their S. Stewardship unto the BiShop which Shall be appointed of me in this place part of my vineyard
   
Give to Edward 6 theSe thingS Shall be had on record to be handed over <u>[n]to the BiShop in Zion    
Duties by commandment and conference vote 7 & the duty of the BiShop Shall be made known by the commandments which have been given by the voice of the conf[e]rence    
Newel bishop 8 & now I Say unto you my Servant newel iS the man whall [who shall] be appointed & ordained unto thiS ofice power thiS iS the will of the Lord your god concerning you your redemer even So Amen The duty of the BiShop aS mad[e] {3} Known at the Same time Counselors: Reynolds Cahoon named February 10, 1832.
<i>Revelations of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants</i>, Lyndon Cook &#40;Provo: SeventyĆ­s Mission Bookstore, 1981&#41;.
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Newel's duties 9 The word of the Lord in addition to the Law which haS been given makeing known the duty of the bishop which has been ordained unto the church in this part of the vineyard which is verily this  
Manage storehouse, receive funds 10 to keep the Lords Storehouse to receive the funds of the Church in this part of the vineyard    
Sell to those who have funds 11 to take An account of the Elders as before has been commanded & to administer to their wants who shall pay for that which they receive in asmuch as they have wherewith to pay    
Receipts for poor 12 that this also may be consecrated to the good of the church to the poor & neeedy    
Edward's duties    
Pay Kirtland debts 13 & he who hath not wherewith to pay an account shall be taken & handed over to the Bishop in Zion who shall pay the debt out of that which the Lord Shall put into his hands   bishop of Zion: Edward Partridge
Pay church leaders, debt to world 14 & the labours of the faithful who labour in spiritual things administering the Gospel & the things of the Kingdom unto the church & unto the world Shall pay the debt unto the Bishop in Zion    
All in Zion must consecrate 15 thus it cometh out of the church for ac[c]ording to the Law every man <who> that cometh up to Zion must lay all things before the Bishop in Zion    
Stewardship accounting 16 & now verily I say unto {4} that as every Elder in this part of the vineyard must give an account of his Stewardship unto the bishop in this part of the vineyard    
Worthiness certificates    
Bishop gives certificates 17 a certificate from the Judge or Bishop in this part of the vineyard unto the Bishop in Zion rendereth every man acceptable & answereth all things for an inheritance & to be recd as a wise steward and as a faithful Labourer    
Required in Zion 18 otherwise Shall not be accepted of the Bishop in Zion    
Every elder to give an accounting to the bishop 19 & now verily I say unto you let every Elder who Shall give you an account unto the Bishop of the church in this part of the vineyard be recommended by the Church or churches in which he labours that he may render himself & his accounts approved in all things    
Pay literary agents    
Bishops pay literary stewards 20 and again let my servants who are appointed as stewards of over the literary concerns of my church have claim for assistance upon the Bishop or Bishops in all things   Literary Firm
Pay to publish revelations    
To publish revelations, benefit the church 21 that the revelations may be published & go forth unto the ends of the Earth that they also may attain funds which Shall benefit the church in all things    
Be approved 22 {5} & be accounted as wise Stewards    
Church-wide policy 23 & now behold this shall be an ensample for all the extensive branches of my church in whatsoever land they shall be established. & now I make an end <of> my sayings Amen.—    
One more thing

Those who go to Zion
24 A few words in addition to the laws of the kingdom respecting the members of the church they who are appointed by the holy Spirit to go up unto Zion & they who are privileged to go up unto Zion    
Take a certificate from 3 elders or from the bishop 25 let them carry up unto the Bishop a certificate from the Elders of the church, or a certificate from the Bishop    
   
   
Appendage to High Priesthood    
   
   
September 22 and 23, 1832

29 And again, the offices of elder and bishop are necessary appendages belonging unto the high priesthood.   ¶ D&C 84:29
   
   
Newel humble the rich, administer to the poor    
Humble the rich, minister to poor 112 And the bishop, Newel K. Whitney, also should travel round about and among all the churches, searching after the poor to administer to their wants by humbling the rich and the proud.   ¶ D&C 84:112
   
   
    To be continued …    

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