Mormon History 1830-1844

Isaac Morley (1786–1865)
Early, well-off settler of Kirtland, Isaac joins Sydney's Campbellites and opens his farm to communal-living families. Converts to Mormonism in November 1830, donates his farm, becomes Bishop Partridge's counselor, later bishop himself. One of the five Missouri wise men and of the seven who run the church during the Missouri persecutions. Stake president in Lima, Illinois, Council of Fifty, Anointed Quorum, founder of Manti.
 
Born March 11, 1786 in Montague, Hampshire County Massachusetts
Died June 24, 1865 in Fairview, Sanpete County, Utah
Father Thomas Morley Sr. (b. Mar. 26, 1758 in Glastonbury, Hartford County, Connecticut; d. Sept. 1, 1844 in Kirtland). A Revolutionary War soldier. Ancestry.com (subscribers)

<i>History of Geauga and Lake Counties, Ohio, with Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of Its Pioneers and Most Prominent Men</i>, [no author] &#40;Philadelphia: Williams Brothers, 1878; reproduction by Lake County Hstorical Society, 1973&#41;.
')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">History of Geauga, 246.  
  Thomas E. Morley (b. Mar. 26, 1758 in Ansenice, Connecticut; d. 1844 in Kirtland)
Mother Editha Marsh (b. Oct. 2,1762 in Montague, Franklin Co. Massachusetts; d. Nov. 15, 1843 in Kirtland)
Kirtland Summer 1811 moves to Kirtland from Massachusetts, begins farm, returns to marry Editha Marsh, then brings her to Kirtland. Isaac's parents settled on the farm in 1815.
<i>History of Geauga and Lake Counties, Ohio, with Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of Its Pioneers and Most Prominent Men</i>, [no author] &#40;Philadelphia: Williams Brothers, 1878; reproduction by Lake County Hstorical Society, 1973&#41;.
')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">History of Geauga, 246.
War of 1812 Flautist in the military band during the War of 1812.  
First Kirtland church 1818 first congregation (Presbyterian) in Kirtland is organized at Isaac's father's home with twelve members under Revs. Joseph Treat and Luther Humphrey. Later the church meets in the schoolhouse and in 1824 in the first church building erected in Kirtland.  
<i>History of Geauga and Lake Counties, Ohio, with Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of Its Pioneers and Most Prominent Men</i>, [no author] &#40;Philadelphia: Williams Brothers, 1878; reproduction by Lake County Hstorical Society, 1973&#41;.
')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">History of Geauga, 246. Kirtland trustee January 5, 1818 Isaac is elected one of the trustees at the organization of Kirtland township; the others are Christopher Crary and Lory Holmes; Josiah Jones is clerk; Stephen Ames, treasurer; Jeremiah Ames, constable.   Kirtland Township Records, transcript, <i>Mormon Related Archives from the Lake County Historical Society </i>CD.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Kirtland township records, 4. Occupation … this man I lerned who was a Cooper by trade one of the most honest, paitient men I ever saw[.]   Levi Hancock journal. Microfilm of holograph. LDS Church Archives.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Levi's journal, 81. Brother teaches school 1824–1826 younger brother, Alfred (1805–1883), teaches school in Kirtland.   Follower of Sidney Rigdon 1828 joins the Campbellites after listening to Sidney Rigdon preach.   Establishes common stock family

Row of houses
He [Sidney Rigdon] caused a row of log houses to be built on Isaac Morley's farm, and established a Communistic Society before Mormonsim was heard of. "Reuben P. Harmon," Naked Truths, Apr. 1888, 4. Source Lamanite missionaries arrive Late October 1830 Lamanite missionaries Oliver Cowdery, Parley P. Pratt (h), Peter Whitmer Jr., and Ziba Peterson arrive in Kirtland.   Farm [Isaac owned] a large farm, about a mile from Kirtland, and some three or four families went there to live, and meetings were held there. "Mary Elizabeth Rollins Lightner," Utah Genealogical and Historical Magazine 17 (July 1926): 193. The Big Family

Mayfield branch

For nearly two years past [1829], Isaac Morley had contended that in order to restore the ancient order of things in the Church of Christ, it was necessary that there should be a community of goods among the brethren; and accordingly a number of them removed to his house and farm, and built houses, and worked and lived together, and composed what is here called the "Big Family," which at this time [late October 1831] consisted of perhaps 50 or 60, old and young. They also had another branch of the family in the town of Mayfield, about eight miles from this, but the number was small at that time. …

¶ History of the Mormonites

Vision of ball of fire I. Morley said while in meeting at Mayfield, he saw a ball of fire about the size of a dollar, come into the room and light upon a woman's clothes near her feet, and from her come to him, and then to another person, and so disappeared, to the astonishment of some others that saw it— ¶ History of the Mormonites Honest, patient, generous [February, 1831] Brother Harvey Redfield took us to Brother Isaac Morleys this was in February this man I lerned who was a Cooper by trade one of the most honest, paitient men I ever saw the company he maintained looked large enough to bring on a famin I do not know [how] they lived on him all the time while I was in the room at Father Morlies as we all called him this same Heman Basset came along to me and took my watch out of [my] pocket and walked oph [off] as tho it was his I thought he would soon return it soon but I was disapointed he sold it I asked him what he meant [of] it Oh he thought it was all in the family I told him I did not like such family doings and I would not [have] it Levi Hancock autobiography. Microfilm of holograph. LDS Church Archives.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Levi autobio

Original: Heamon Bassett
Home for Joseph and Emma The first time Joseph and family came to Kirtland they lived with Isaac Morley, Lucy's father. Later "Father Morley" built a small house for them on his farm. The twins were born here. Lucy [Morley] and her elder sister kept house for Emma Smith while she was ill. Lucy Diantha Morley Allen, reminiscence in "Joseph Smith, The Prophet," Young Woman's Journal, 17 no. 12 (Dec. 1906): 537.

Soon after Joseph's arrival in Kirtland, a revelation called for a house to be built for Joseph. ¶ D&C 41:7, Feb. 4, 1831.
Joseph and Emma's twins April 30, 1831 Emma gives birth to twins, Thaddeus and Louisa, who live only three hours. Genealogy in the Joseph Smith family Bible, qtd. in <i>Early Mormon Documents</i>, compiled and edited by Dan Vogel. 4 vols. &#40;Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Early documents 1:583.

three hours: <i>History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter&#45;day Saints</i>, edited by B. H. Roberts, 7 vols. &#40;Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1902&#45;1912, 1932&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">HC 1:260n.
High Priesthood, bishop's counselor June [3] 1831 ordained to the High Priesthood and assistant to Bishop Edward Partridge by Lyman Wight (h) (swh). ¶ Minutes of June 3–6, 1831   June [6], 1831 assigned to travel to Independence with Ezra Booth. ¶ D&C 52:23 Sought evil, forgiven [September 11, 1831] Behold, I, the Lord, was angry with him who was my servant Ezra Booth, and also my servant Isaac Morley, for they kept not the law, neither the commandment; They sought evil in their hearts … They condemned for evil that thing in which there was no evil; nevertheless I have forgiven my servant Isaac Morley. ¶ D&C 64:15–16 Sells farm for church Reluctantly sells his farm, donating proceeds to the church. ¶ D&C 64:15–16, 20, Sept. 11, 1831.   Moves to Independence.   Solemn assemblies Summer 1832 holds solemn assemblies throughout Clay county with Edward Partridge, John Corrill, Oliver Cowdery, and John Whitmer.   Second bishop in Zion July 2, 1833 Joseph writes W. W. Phelps and others in Zion recommending Isaac be ordained second bishop in Zion, John Corrill third. Parley P. Pratt (h) and Titus Billings replace them as Bishop Partridge's counselors. Isaac to choose Christian Whitmer and Newel Knight for his counselors. <i>Times and Seasons</i>')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">TS 6, no. 3 (Feb. 15, 1845): 800. Meeting with mob July 20, 1833 meets with other church leaders and mob leaders in effort to avert violence. Ask for more time to consult Joseph. Denied. <i>Times and Seasons</i>')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">TS 2, no. 15 (Dec. 15, 1833): 114. Six volunteer themselves as ransom

Treaty signed
July 23, 1833 W. W. Phelps, Edward Partridge, John Corrill, John Whitmer, A. S. Gilbert, and Isaac Morley meet with Jackson county citizens' committee and offer themselves as a ransom for the church "willing to be scourged or die, if that would appease their anger toward the church." Instead, the citizens agree to stop the violence and the Mormons agree to leave the county by April 1, 1834. ¶ Missouri Persecutions (2)

Phelps and Corrill are the two presidents of Zion currently in Missouri, Partridge, Corrill, and Morley are the bishop's council
November violence, jail November 4, 1833 briefly jailed with Parley P. Pratt, A. S. Gilbert, and John Corrill following attack on Gilbert's store. ¶ Outrage in Jackson (2) Petition governor December 6, 1833 W. W. Phelps, John Whitmer, Edward Partridge, Isaac Morley, John Corrill, and A. S. Gilbert petition the governor for assistance from the state militia in recovering their lands and homes; also that Mormons be organized in companies of Jackson Guards, and be furnished with arms by the state.
  Selected for Kirtland endowment June 23, 1834 one of the first selected in Missouri to receive the Kirtland endowment. Minutes of June 23, 1834 Visit scattered Saints in Missouri July 12, 1834 Edward Partridge, Orson Hyde, Isaac Morley and Zebedee Coltrin are "appointed [by the high council] to visit the scattered brethren and teach them in the ways of truth and holiness, &c." Minutes of July 12, 1834 Mission to the East June 2, 1835 leaves Kirtland on a mission with Edward Partridge to raise funds for the Saints in Missouri. They visit 26 branches with seven hundred "lively members," and baptize 3. <i>Personal Writings of Joseph Smith</i>, rev. ed., compiled and edited by Dean C. Jessee &#40;Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2002&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">PWJS, 103n70; <i>Latter Day Saints&#39; Messenger and Advocate<i>')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">MA 1, no. 9 (June 1835), 139; 2, no. 2 (Nov. 1835): 220. Returns November 5, 1835 returns from mission to the East. <i>Personal Writings of Joseph Smith</i>, rev. ed., compiled and edited by Dean C. Jessee &#40;Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2002&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">PWJS, 102. Lord pleased

Sins forgiven

Remain in Kirtland
[November 7, 1835] The word <of the Lord> came to me saying, behold I am well pleased with my servant Isaac Morley and my servant Edward Partridge, because of the integrity of their harts in laboring in my vinyard for the salvation of the souls of men, Verely I say unto you their sins are forgiven them, therefore say unto them in my name that it is my will that they should tarry for a little season and attend the school, and also the solem assembly for a wise purpose in me, even so amen <i>Personal Writings of Joseph Smith</i>, rev. ed., compiled and edited by Dean C. Jessee &#40;Salt Lake City: Deseret Book, 2002&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">PWJS, 102. Joseph escorts, blesses [April 9, 1836 Joseph accompanies] the wise men of Zion, namely, Bishop Partridge and his counselors, Isaac Morley and John Corrill, and President W. W. Phelps, on their way home, as far as Chardon; and after staying with them all night, blessed them in the morning, and returned to Kirtland. <i>History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter&#45;day Saints</i>, edited by B. H. Roberts, 7 vols. &#40;Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1902&#45;1912, 1932&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">HC 2:436. One of the "wise men" April 7, 1837 named one of the five wise men to handle the sale of lots in Far West. ¶ Minutes of Apr. 7, 1837, also Minutes of May 1837 June 11, 1837 Isaac, John Corrill, and Calvin Beebe are granted permission to engage in the mercantile business if they like. Minutes of June 11, 1837 Temple committee August 5, 1837 named secretary of the construction committee for the temple in Far West. Minutes of July 12, 1834 Patriarch and bishop's counselor November 7, 1837 ordained patriarch by Joseph, Hyrum, and Sidney and retained as counselor to Bishop Edward Partridge. Minutes of Nov. 7, 1837 Finance committee, payment December 6, 1837 high council and bishop's council appoints the bishop's council a committee on church finance. Patriarch to be compensated financially. Minutes of Dec. 6, 1837 Prisoner November 1, 1838 taken prisoner with about eighty other men in Far West by state the militia, Richmond jail for three weeks. <i>History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter&#45;day Saints</i>, edited by B. H. Roberts, 7 vols. &#40;Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1902&#45;1912, 1932&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">HC 3:192. Austin A. King's court November 11, 1838 turned over to civil authorities in Richmond and charged with high treason, murder, burglary, arson, robbery, and larceny in Judge Austin A. King's court. <i>History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter&#45;day Saints</i>, edited by B. H. Roberts, 7 vols. &#40;Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1902&#45;1912, 1932&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">HC 3:192. Released November 24, 1838 Judge King dismisses the case against 23 prisoners, including Isaac, for lack of evidence. <i>History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter&#45;day Saints</i>, edited by B. H. Roberts, 7 vols. &#40;Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1902&#45;1912, 1932&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">HC 3:211. Yelrome Moves to Illinois, establishes Morley Settlement—also called Yelrome, Morley spelled backwards. <i>History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter&#45;day Saints</i>, edited by B. H. Roberts, 7 vols. &#40;Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1902&#45;1912, 1932&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">HC 6:346. Stake president October 22, 1840 Hyrum appoints Isaac president of the new stake in Lima, Illinois, with John Murdock and Walter Cox as counselors. <i>History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter&#45;day Saints</i>, edited by B. H. Roberts, 7 vols. &#40;Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1902&#45;1912, 1932&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">HC 4:233. Anointed Quorum March 3, 1844 attends meeting of the Anointed Quorum. <i>Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power<i>, D. Michael Quinn &#40;Salt Lake City: Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, 1994&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Origins, 356. Mob threats June 15, 1844 days before Joseph surrenders to authorities, a committee of 5 calls on Isaac and delivers an ultimatum: Ultimatum take up arms and proceed with them for your [Joseph's] arrest, or take our effects and proceed immediately to Nauvoo, otherwise give up our arms, and remain quiet until the fuss is over. We have until Monday morning next to make up our minds. We have made up our minds that we shall not comply with any of these proposals, but stand in our own defense. <i>History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter&#45;day Saints</i>, edited by B. H. Roberts, 7 vols. &#40;Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1902&#45;1912, 1932&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">HC 6:481–482. Council of Fifty March 1, 1845 selected to be a member of the Council of Fifty. William Clayton, <i>Intimate Chronicle: The Journals of William Clayton</i>, edited by George D. Smith &#40;Salt Lake City: Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, 1991, 2d ed., 1995&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">William Clayton journals (Smith), 158. Wine maker July 3, 1845 employed by the Twelve to make "to make 100 barrels of wine for sacrament." William Clayton, <i>Intimate Chronicle: The Journals of William Clayton</i>, edited by George D. Smith &#40;Salt Lake City: Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, 1991, 2d ed., 1995&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">William Clayton journals (Smith), 171–172. Yelrome burned September 1845 mob burns Yelrom, Isaac moves to Nauvoo.   Nominates William as Patriarch October 6, 1845 nominates William Smith to be "Patriarch of the church." The nomination is seconded, but "lost unanimously." <i>Times and Seasons</i>')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">TS 6, no. 16 (Nov. 1, 1845): 1007. Counselor in Nauvoo October 6, 1845 Isaac and Charles C. Rich are "continued and sustained" as counselors to stake president Father John Smith in Nauvoo. <i>Intimate Chronicle: The Journals of William Clayton</i>, edited by George D. Smith &#40;Salt Lake City: Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, 1991, 2d ed., 1995&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">William Clayton journals (Smith), 7:461. Nauvoo endowment December 11, 1845 endowed with Lucy in the Nauvoo temple attic, Brigham Young officiating. Others in group include Reynolds Cahoon, Orson Spencer, Alpheus Cutler, William Clayton, Cornelius P. Lott, Mother Lucy Smith, and Mercy R. Thompson. <i>History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter&#45;day Saints</i>, edited by B. H. Roberts, 7 vols. &#40;Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1902&#45;1912, 1932&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">HC 7:543–544. Summer Quarters July 21, 1846 High council of Summer Quarters (Kanesville). <i>Establishing Zion: The Mormon Church in the American West, 1847&#45;1869</i>, Eugene E. Campbell &#40;Salt Lake City: Signature Books&#41;, 1988.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Establishing Zion, 158. 1848 pioneer June 1, 1848 at the Elkhorn river (the Mormon staging ground for crossing the Plains), Brigham is named General Superintendent of the Emigrating Companies and Isaac Morley president of the company with Reynolds Cahoon and William W. Major as his counselors. <i>History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter&#45;day Saints</i>, edited by B. H. Roberts, 7 vols. &#40;Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1902&#45;1912, 1932&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">HC 7:626. Settle Sanpete October 1849 called at general conference to establish a colony in Sanpete valley, leaves October 28 and reaches the site of Manti with 225 settlers. <i>Establishing Zion: The Mormon Church in the American West, 1847&#45;1869</i>, Eugene E. Campbell &#40;Salt Lake City: Signature Books&#41;, 1988.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Establishing Zion, 66. Legislature State representative 1851–1855.   Salt Lake Brigham calls Isaac back to Salt Lake City.   Santaquin Moves to Santaquin, Utah.   Fairview Moves to Fairview, Sanpete County, Utah.    
    Parents and Siblings   Parents' family Thomas and Editha Marsh Morley had nine children, all born in Montague, Massachusetts ¶ Ancestry.com (subscribers)   Arathusa (1784–1854)
Isaac (1786–1865); died, Fairview, Sanpete Co., Utah
Horace (1788–1789)
Tirzah (1790–1842)
Editha (1792–1862)

    Thomas (July 15, 1794–March 26, 1887); md. Lillis Russell; died, Mentor, Lake Co., Ohio. Lillis' father, Abel Russell, was Mentor's first town clerk.     Dianthy/Diantha (1796–1879); md. Titus Billings, Feb. 16, 1817; died, Provo, Utah Co., Utah
Louisa 1798–1839)
Alfred (1805–1883); died, Kirtland, Lake Co., Ohio    
    Families  

Wife

Lucy Gunn (1786–1848), md. June 20, 1812 in Montague, Franklin Co., Massachusetts. All children born in Kirtland. Ancestry.com (subscribers) Children Philena (1813–1894; md. Amos Cox)
Lucy Diantha (1815–1908; md. Joseph Stewart Allen)
Editha Ann (1818–1893; md. Chaunsey Whiting)
Calista (1820–1822)
Stillborn twins (1821)
Cordelia Calista (1823–1915; md. Frederick Walter Cox)
Arathusa (1824)
Theresa Arathusa (1826–1855; md. Heber C. Kimball)
Isaac (1829–1908; md. Abiah Bradley in 1851)   Wife Hannah Blaixly (Blakeslee) Finch (b. March 11, 1786 in Montague, Franklin Co., Masachusetts; md. 1844 in Adams Co., Illinois; d. June 24, 1865 in Manti, Sanpete Co., Utah) 3 children by previous marriage (unknown), 3 by Isaac: Ancestry.com Children Joseph Lamoni (b. July 15, 1845 in Nauvoo; d. October 18, 1846 in Winter Quarters)
Simeon Thomas (b. June 12, 1849; d. March 19, 1853 in Manti)
Mary Leonora (b. March 26, 1852 in Manti; d. February 5, 1918 in Molen, Emery Co., Utah)   Wife Abigail Leonora Snow (1801–1872). Estranged from Enoch Virgil Leavitt, whom she had married in 1821, Leonora married Isaac in 1844 in Nauvoo. She was the older sister of Lorenzo and Eliza R. Snow. <i>Personal Writings of Eliza Roxcy Snow</i>, edited by Maureen Ursenbach Beecher &#40;Logan: Utah State University Press, 2000&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Eliza's writings, 10. Wife Hannah Knight Libby (1786–1867), md. January 22, 1846 in Nauvoo. Widow of John S. Carter (9 children). Ancestry.com Wife Harriet Lucinda Cox (1823–1854), md. January 22, 1846 in Nauvoo.   Wife Hannah Sibley (b. March 11, 1786 in Montague, Franklin Co., Massachusetts; d. June 24, 1865 in Fairview, Sanpete Co., Utah). Ancestry.com Wife Nancy Anne Bache/Back (b. February 25, 1790 in Lexington, Fayette Co., Kentucky; d. August 8, 1884 in Manti) Ancestry.com
Biographies




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