Mormon History 1830-1844

Newel Knight (1800–1847)
Early Colesville convert, friend of Joseph, leader of Colesville church on journey to Ohio and Missouri, high council in Missouri and Nauvoo.
Born September 13, 1800 in Marlborough, Windham county, Vermont
Died January 11, 1847 in Fort Neobrara, Ponca Camp, Nebraska
Father Joseph Knight Sr. Joseph Knight (swh)
Mother Polly Peck
South Bainbridge 1809 family moves to South Bainbridge, New York.
Colesville 1811 family moves to Colesville, New York.
Universalist Characterized as a "staunch Universalist" by his sister-in-law, Emily Colburn Austin.
<i>Mormonism; or, Life among the Mormons</i>, Emily M. Austin &#40;pen name for Emily Colburn, sister of Sally Colburn who married Newel Knight&#41;, &#40;Madison, Wisconsin: M. J. Cantwell, 1882&#41;.
')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Life among the Mormons, 30 //
<i>Early Mormon Documents</i>, compiled and edited by Dan Vogel. 4 vols. &#40;Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002&#41;.
')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Early documents 4:164–165.
Marries Sally Colburn June 7, 1835 marries Sally Colburn.
Skeptical at first [November] 1826 Joseph works for Newel's father Joseph Knight Sr. Newel doesn't believe the account of the angel and the gold plates. Joseph Knight [Jr.] incidents of History from 1827 to 1844, comp. by Thomas Bullock in
<i>They Are My Friends: A History of the Joseph Knight Family, 1825&#45;1850</i>, William G. Hartley &#40;Provo: Grandin Book Co.&#41;, 1986.
')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">They are my friends, 214. Exorcism April 1830 Joseph speaks at Knight home, Newel can't pray in public, becomes troubled, then possessed, Joseph casts out the devil. Times and Seasons 4 no. 1 (Nov. 15, 1841): 12–13.

Exorcisms
Baptized Last week of May 1830 David Whitmer baptizes Newel, first of the Knight family to be baptized. in <i>Early Mormon Documents</i>, compiled and edited by Dan Vogel. 4 vols. &#40;Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Early documents 1:105–106. Family baptized June 28, 1830 Knight family members and others are baptized.   Testifies for Joseph June 29, 1830 false witnesses testify against Joseph in Colesville. Newel testifies on his behalf about exorcism. Times and Seasons 4 no. 4 (Jan. 2, 1843): 61–62. See in <i>Early Mormon Documents</i>, compiled and edited by Dan Vogel. 4 vols. &#40;Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Early documents 1:121–122. Joseph prevented from returning August 21, 1830 Joseph prevented from returning to Colesville by opponents. Newel Knight autobiography in <i>Early Mormon Documents</i>, compiled and edited by Dan Vogel. 4 vols. &#40;Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Early documents 1:11. Joseph returns August 29, 1830 Joseph returns to Colesville with Hyrum, David and John Whitmer to confirm those baptized June 28. (Newel's dating mistaken in apparent attempt to harmonize with erroneous dating in History of the Church.) Newel Knight autobiography in <i>Early Mormon Documents</i>, compiled and edited by Dan Vogel. 4 vols. &#40;Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Early documents 1:11. Priest September 26, 1830 Oliver ordains Newel a priest at the conference in Fayette. Minutes of September 26, 1830 Exorcism October 14, 1830 Newel casts Satan out of his aunt, Martha Long Peck. ¶ Exorcisms Sells land March 9, 1831 sells sixty acres. <i>Early Mormon Documents</i>, compiled and edited by Dan Vogel. 4 vols. &#40;Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Early documents 4:25. Leads Colesville church March 1831 Hyrum transfers leadership of Colesville church to Newel before leaving for Ohio. <i>Inventing Mormonism: Tradition and the Historical Record</i>, H. Michael Marquardt and Wesley P. Walters &#40;Salt Lake City: Smith Research Associates, 1994&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Inventing, 138. To Kirtland April Colesville church leaves for Kirtland in several groups throughout the month. They traveled overland to Ithaca at the south end of Cayuga Lake, up the lake to the Seneca Canal and Erie Canal system to Buffalo, arriving in May 1, 1831. Wind had blown ice into the harbor, so the party was delayed two weeks. Mary Smith arrived with eighty members from Waterloo. During a brief break in the weather, she and her party were able to slip out while the Colesville group remained stranded. Jared Carter took a group of twelve or thirteen brethren overland to Dunkirk, where they caught a steamboat to Fairport, Ohio, then to Kirtland. The main body of of the Colesville church departed on a schooner on May 11, 1831, reaching Fairport on May 14. <i>Study of the Origins of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter&#45;day Saints in the States of New York and Pennsylvania, 1816&#45;1831</i>, Larry C. Porter &#40;Provo: Joseph Fielding Smith Institute for Latter&#45;day Saint History and BYU Studies, 2000&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Study of origins, 121, 122; <i>Joseph Smith and the Beginnings of Mormonism</i>, Richard Bushman &#40;Urbana: University of Illinois Press&#41;, 1984.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">JS beginnings, 176. Ohio May 1831 moves Colesville church sixteen miles northeast from Kirtland to the Leman Copley farm in Thompson, Ohio. First conference in Ohio June 3–6, 1831 attends first Kirtland conference as an elder, called on mission to Missouri. Minutes of June 3–6, 1831
¶ D&C 52:32

D&C 54:2
Jackson county July 25, 1831 arrives in Jackson county with about 60 members of the Colesville church. <i>Revelations of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants</i>, Lyndon Cook &#40;Provo: Seventy‚Äôs Mission Bookstore, 1981&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Revelations, 85. Loses license October 21, 1831 loses privilege of acting as an elder until he can see that he has not had the proper spirit (charge brought by Emily Colburn and Elizabeth Gilbert). Minutes of October 21, 1831 Expelled December 1833 expelled from Jackson county.   Kirtland endowment June 23, 1834 among the first elders called to receive the Kirtland endowment. Minutes of June 23, 1834 Clay county high council July 3, 1834 called to the high council in Clay county. Times and Seasons 6 no. 22 (Feb. 1, 1846), 1109. House of the Lord July 1835 works on the House of the Lord. W. W. Phelps to Sally Phelps, July 19 and 20, 1835. Marries Lydia November 24, 1835 Joseph marries Newell and Lydia Goldthwait Bailey, who has been abandoned by her legal husband. <i>Mormon Polygamy: A History</i>, Richard S. Van Wagoner &#40;Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 1986&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Mormon polygamy, 7; <i>Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power<i>, D. Michael Quinn &#40;Salt Lake City: Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, 1994&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Origins, 88. Far West high council November 7, 1837 elected to high council of Zion. Minutes of November 7, 1837 Danite 1838 signs warning for dissenters to leave the county, member of the Danites <i>Mormon Hierarchy: Origins of Power<i>, D. Michael Quinn &#40;Salt Lake City: Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, 1994&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Origins, 482. Nauvoo high council October 5, 1839 called to high council in Nauvoo. Times and Seasons 1 no. 2 (Dec. 1839): 30. Joseph and Newel Knight's names in the Book of the Law of the Lord [August 23, 1842] While I contemplate the virtues and the good qualifications and characteristics of the faithful few, which I am now recording in the Book of the Law of the Lord, … my aged and beloved brother Joseph Knight, Senr.… and it shall be said of him, by the sons of Zion, while there is one of them remaining; that this man, was a faithful man in Israel; therefore his name shall never be forgotten. There are his son[s] Newel Knight and Joseph Knight whose names I record in the Book of the Law of the Lord, with unspeakable delight, for they are my friends. <i>Personal Writings of Joseph Smith</i>, 1st ed., compiled and edited by Dean C. Jessee &#40;Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1984&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">JS personal, 534. "Loose conduct" [June 23, 1843] This A.M. President Joseph took me and conversed considerable concerning some delicate matters. Said [Emma] wanted to lay a snare for me. He told me last night of this and said he had felt troubled. He said [Emma] had treated him coldly and badly since I came … and he knew she was disposed to be revenged on him for some things. She thought that if he would indulge himself she would too. He cautioned me very kindly for which I felt thankful. He said [Robert] Thompson professed great friendship for him but he gave away to temptation and he had to die. Also Brother [Newel] Knight he gave him one but he went to loose conduct and he could not save him. Also B[righam] Y[oung] had transgressed his covenant and he pled with the Lord to spare him this end and he did so, otherwise he would have died. <i>Intimate Chronicle: The Journals of William Clayton</i>, edited by George D. Smith &#40;Salt Lake City: Signature Books in association with Smith Research Associates, 1991, 2d ed., 1995&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">William Clayton journals (Smith), 108.   Winter 1846–1847 dies in Winter Quarters, as does his brother, Joseph Jr.   Families Sally Colburn (b. 1804 in Guilford, Chenango county, New York) md. March 19, 1819 (d. September 15, 1834 in Turnhanis Landing, Gallatin county, Missouri)     Stillborn baby ( 1826 in Colesville, Broome county, New York)     Samuel (b. October 14, 1832 in Kaw township, Jackson county, Missouri; d. February 11, 1910 in Bunkerville, Clark county, Nevada)     Eli (b. September 13, 1834 in Gallatin township, Clay county, Missouri; d. same year)     Lydia Goldthwait Bailey (b. June 9, 1812 in Sutton, Worcester, Massachusetts) md. by Joseph November 24, 1835 in Kirtland (d. April 3, 1884 in St. George, Washington county, Utah)     Sally (December 1, 1836 in Gallatin, Daviess county, Missouri; d. October 1, 1916 in Orderville, Kane county, Utah)     James Philander (b. April 29, 1838 in Far West, Caldwell county, Missouri; d. June 15, 1909 in Delta, Millard county, Utah)     Joseph Ether (b. October 18, 1840 in Nauvoo, d. June 28, 1878 in Sunset, Yavapai county, Arizona)     Lydia (b. June 6, 1844 in Nauvoo; d. May 8, 1905 in Dublan, Galeana, Chihuahua, Mexico)     Jesse (b. September 6, 1845 in Nauvoo; d. March 14, 1921 in Provo)    

Hyrum (b. August 26, 1847 in Winter Quarters, Douglas county, Nebraska; d. July 8, 1880). Twin, no death date.

   
Joseph Knight Sr. (swh)
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