Mormon History 1830-1844

Orson Hyde (1805–1878)
Member of Sidney Rigdon's Campbellite congregation, early convert to Mormonism, missionary, apostle. Left the church in 1838, returned in 1839. Dedicated Palestine for the return of the Jews, 1840. Editor, Frontier Guardian. President of the Quorum of the Twelve for twenty-eight years. Long-time resident of Spring City, Utah.
 
 
Born January 8, 1805 in Oxford, New Haven, Connecticut Orson Hyde (h)
Died November 28, 1878 in Spring City, Sanpete, Utah
Father Nathan Hyde (1767–1822) Orson Hyde (h)
Mother Sally Thorpe (1770 or 1771–1822) Orson Hyde (h)
Grandison Newell, Whitney and Gilbert 1823 (age 18) strikes out on his own, works for Grandison Newell in Painesville, later N. K. Whitney and Sidney Gilbert in Kirtland. ¶ Orson Hyde (h)
¶ Orson Hyde (h)
Sidney's congregation [Early 1828] Joins Sidney Rigdon's congregation, lives with him for "several months" in Mentor, while Sidney schools him in English and "elementary science." ¶ Orson Hyde (h)
Burton Academy [Fall, Winter] 1828 studies with Reuben Hitchcock, preceptor of the Burton Academy (founded in 1804; moved from Burton to Hudson in 1830, then to Cleveland as the Western Reserve University). ¶ Orson Hyde (h);
<i>History of the Western Reserve</i>, 3 vols., Harriet Taylor Upton, Chicago: Lewis Publishing Company, 1910.
')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">History of the Western Reserve, 324–325.
Organizes Campbellite churches Fall 1829 helps Sidney Rigdon found Campbellite congregations in Lorain and Huron counties. ¶ Orson Hyde (h)
  1830 pastor of Elyria, Florence churches, teaches school in Florence. ¶ Orson Hyde (h)
Anti-Mormon 1830 preaches against Book of Mormon. ¶ Orson Hyde (h)
Studies, baptized Studies Mormonism 3 months. ¶ Orson Hyde (h)
Baptized October 2, 1831 by Sidney Rigdon > in the Chagrin River, confirmed by Joseph Smith on river bank. ¶ Orson Hyde (h)
Elder October 2, 1831 ordained by Joseph Smith.
<i>Times and Seasons</i>
')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">TS 5, no. 7 (Apr. 1, 1844): 481.
 High Priesthood October 25, 1831 ordained to the High Priesthood, by Oliver Cowdery in Orange, Ohio. ¶ Minutes of October 25–26, 1831
Mission to Ohio Fall 1831 with Hyrum Smith among the Campbellites of Ohio.
February 1832 February 8, 1832 with a companion, calls on Benjamin Stokley near Mercer, Pennsylvania. He lets them preach to his neighbors and they subsequently organize a branch of the church. History of Mercer County, Pennsylvania, 271. Source
Mission with Hyrum east Spring 1833 with Hyrum Smith to Pennsylvania, and Ohio. ¶ Orson Hyde (h)
Clerk to presidency   Orson Hyde being nominated a Clerk for the presidency of the High priesthood, seconded and duly chosen by vote, and took his seat to act.—   Minutes of June 6, 1833
Messenger to Independence   August 21, 1833 Joseph dispatches Orson Hyde and John Gould to Jackson county with "advice to the saints in their unfortunate situation through the late outrage of the mob." Leaves Kirtland about August 31, arriving in Independence about September 28.  
<i>Revelations of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants</i>, Lyndon Cook &#40;Provo: Seventy’s Mission Bookstore, 1981&#41;.
')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Revelations, 204; <i>Times and Seasons</i>')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">TS 6, no. 1 (Apr. 1, 1845): 850.     We started on foot with our valises on our backs, a distance of about one thousand miles. We travelled about forty miles per day through a sickly fever and ague country, swimming rivers, and pushing our clothes over on a log or raft before us. We arrived in Jackson County about the beginning of the Saints' troubles there. We delivered our letters and documents, and were sometimes surrounded by the mob, who threatened to wring our heads off from our shoulders. Several little skirmishes took place while there, and some few were killed and wounded.   beginning: the violence began July 20. ¶ Missouri Persecutions (1833–1834) (1)

¶ Orson Hyde (h)
In God's hands   [October 12, 1833 revelation:] Thy brethren, my servants Orson Hyde and John Gould, are in my hands; and inasmuch as they keep my commandments they shall be saved.   ¶ D&C 100:14 Kirtland   [November 25, 1833] Brothe[rs] Orson Hyde and John Gould [28] returned from Zion and brough[t] the melencholly intelegen[ce] of the riot in Zion with the inhabitants in pers[ec]uting the brethren.   <i>Times and Seasons</i>')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">TS 6, no. 10 (June 1, 1845): 912. High council February 17, 1834 chosen to be a member of the first high council of the Church of Christ. Minutes of February 17, 1834 Raise an army   February 24, 1834 called with Orson Pratt "to assist in gathering up the strength of the Lord's House, preparatory to the redemption of Zion." They leave for New York two days later.   ¶ D&C 103:40

<i>The Orson Pratt Journals</i>, compiled and arranged by Elden J. Watson &#40;Salt Lake City: Elden J. Watson, 1975&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Orson Pratt journals, 34.
Joseph and Parley

John in Westfield, New York
  [February 24, 1834] revelation instructs Joseph Smith and Parley P. Pratt (h), Lyman Wight (h) (swh) and Sidney Rigdon, Orson Hyde and Orson Pratt to travel in pairs raising volunteers to redeem Zion. Two days later, Joseph and Parley leave Kirtland, arriving at Westfield, Chautauqua county, New York, on Saturday, March 1. They stay with church member and tavern-owner Job Lewis, and preach in the branch on Sunday.   ¶ D&C 103:37–40

Job Lewis: Journal History. <i>Selected Collections</i>, DVD 2:1&#45;36. Original, Church Office Building Library.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Journal history, May 23, 1836.

Joseph Smith diary &#40;Nov. 27, 1832&#45;Dec. 5, 1834&#41;. <i>Selected Collections</i>, 1:20 // <i>Personal Writings of Joseph Smith</i>, rev. ed., 10&#45;81. Original, Church Archives, MS 155.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Diary-1, 58 // <i>History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter&#45;day Saints</i>, edited by B. H. Roberts, 7 vols. &#40;Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1902&#45;1912, 1932&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">HC 2:40.
  March 15, 1834 arrive in Geneseo, New York and counsel with the elders, learning that "Mr. Landen … continued to be rebellious. <i>The Orson Pratt Journals</i>, compiled and arranged by Elden J. Watson &#40;Salt Lake City: Elden J. Watson, 1975&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Orson Pratt journals, 34.

Ezra Landon spread the gospel with Brigham Young and Heber C. Kimball in 1832. Landon baptized eighteen to twenty in Avon and Geneseo. ¶ Heber C. Kimball (h2)
  March 16, 1834 (Sunday) attends meetings in Geneseo. Sidney and Parley are the speakers. Others present include Joseph, Lyman, John Murdock, and Orson Pratt. <i>The Orson Pratt Journals</i>, compiled and arranged by Elden J. Watson &#40;Salt Lake City: Elden J. Watson, 1975&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Orson Pratt journals, 34.   March 17, 1834 the brethren counsel at Alvah Beaman's house in nearby Avon. Local leaders agree to raise $2,000 to "deliver Kirtland from Debt for the present." Orson will remain in the area until it is raised, then bring it to Kirtland. Minutes of March 17, 1834 Zion's Camp May 1834 member of the armed camp that went to Jackson County to "redeem Zion."   Cooks squirrel May 1834 Joseph kills a squirrel, Orson decides to cook it. ¶ Killing Animals Calls on Missouri governor with Parley June 9, 1834 sent with Parley P. Pratt to Missouri's Governor Dunklin, to see if he was ready to fulfill his promise to restore the Saints to their lands in Jackson county; they return on the 15th with news that the governor now deemed it impractical. <i>History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter&#45;day Saints</i>, edited by B. H. Roberts, 7 vols. &#40;Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1902&#45;1912, 1932&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">HC 2:88, 94.  Apostle February 15, 1835 ordained an apostle by Oliver Cowdery, David Whitmer, and Martin Harris.  Mission of the Twelve Spring 1835 with Twelve to Vermont and New Hampshire. Disfellowshipped August 4, 1835 disfellowshipped by letter with William E. McLellin (h) for criticizing Sidney's classes. Minutes of August 4, 1835 Forgiven, restored   September 26, 1835 meets with the Twelve and First Presidency. Implicated in the matter of William E. McLellin's letter to his wife expressing dissatisfaction with Sidney Rigdon's teaching, Orson confesses and is forgiven.   Minutes of September 26, 1835 Charges nepotism December 15, 1835 complains about treatment by Kirtland store officers, preferential treatment for William Smith. Orson Hyde's 1835 Complaint Mission to Canada with Parley Spring 1836 to New York, joins Parley P. Pratt in Toronto. Murder trial June 3, 1837 testifies against the Prophet in the Grandison Newell muder conspiracy case ¶ Did Joseph Plot to Murder Grandison Newell? Reconciles with Joseph June 4, 1837 reconciles with the Prophet and is set apart for mission to England >. Mission with the Twelve to England June 1837 to England with other members of the Twelve. Set apart by Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon >. To Liverpool April 10, 1838 leaves Preston with Heber J. Kimball for Liverpool. Return to U.S. April 20 1838 apostles sail for the United States on the Garrick. New York May 12, 1838 Garrick arrives in New York harbor. Next day visits the branch of eighty members.   May 14, 1838 leaves New York for Kirtland. Kirtland May 21, 1838 reaches Kirtland. Kirtland to Far West July 1, 1838 leaves Kirtland for Far West with his family, Heber, Erastus Snow, Winslow Farr, and others, arriving by July 29. Leaves the church October 19, 1838 leaves Far West (and the church) with Thomas B. Marsh (h) >. Affidavit October 24, 1838 signs affidavit that he knows "most" Thomas B. Marsh's charges against the Prophet to be true and "believes" the rest. Thomas B. Marsh and Orson Hyde Affidavits Suspended May 4, 1839 Church conference in Quincy votes to suspended Orson Hyde (h) and William Smith from exercising the functions of their office and invites them to give an accounting of their conduct. Restored June 27, 1839 acknowledges his faults and is "restored to the Priesthood again." Apostle October 6–8, 1839 Conference votes for Orson Hyde and William Smith "to be continued" in their positions as apostles. Mission November 14, 1839 After four months of fever and ague, leaves Commerce for Philadelphia on his mission. Europe, Jerusalem April 6, 1840 called "to visit the cities of London, Amsterdam, Constantinople, and Jerusalem; and also other places that he may deem expedient; and converse with the priests, rulers, and elders of the Jews, and obtain from them all the information possible, and communicate the same to some principal paper for publication, that it may have a general circulation throughout the United States." ¶ Orson Hyde's 1840 Letter of Introduction  Leaves for Jerusalem April 15, 1840 leaves Commerce for Jerusalem. Mission to Palestine April 1841–December 1842 to Palestine. Dedicates Palestine October 24, 1841 on the Mount of Olives, dedicates Palestine for the gathering of the Jews.   Mission to England 1846–1847 to England with John Taylor and Parley P. Pratt, edits Millennial Star. Winter Quarters Spring 1847–spring 1850, presides over the Saints in Winter Quarters with George A. Smith and Ezra T. Benson. Frontier Guardian 1849–1852, publishes the Frontier Guardian in Kanesville (later Council Bluffs, later part of Omaha, Nebraska). Visits Salt Lake 1850 visits Salt Lake Valley for the first time and returns to Kanesville. Move to Utah 1852 moves to Utah. Colonize Carson 1855 colonizes Carson valley (now in Nevada). Organie Logan ward November 1859 with Ezra T. Benson organizes Logan ward, William B. Preston, bishop. Spring City 1860 Moves to Spring City (originally Springtown), Sanpete county, Utah. Manti temple building committee Building committee, Manti Temple. Families April 15, 1840 leaves Commerce for Jerusalem. Dedicates Palestine October 24, 1841 on the Mount of Olives, dedicates Palestine for the gathering of the Jews. Winter Quarters Spring 1847–spring 1850, presides over the Saints in Winter Quarters with George A. Smith and Ezra T. Benson. Frontier Guardian 1849–1852, publishes the Frontier Guardian in Kanesville (later Council Bluffs, later part of Omaha, Nebraska). Visits Salt Lake 1850 visits Salt Lake Valley for the first time and returns to Kanesville. Move to Utah 1852 moves to Utah. Colonize Carson 1855 colonizes Carson valley (now in Nevada). Organie Logan ward November 1859 with Ezra T. Benson organizes Logan ward, William B. Preston, bishop. Spring City 1860 Moves to Spring City (originally Springtown), Sanpete County, Utah.
  Set Apart for Mission (1837)

Presidency setting Heber C. Kimball apart June 4, 1837—Orson Hyde entered Sidney Rigdon's office where, as luck would have it, Joseph, Sidney, and Hyrum were about to set apart Heber C. Kimball for the first mission of the Twelve to England. Heber's diary indicates he was set apart June 4. <i>Heber C. Kimball: Mormon Patriarch and Pioneer</i>, Stanley B. Kimball &#40;Urbana: University of Illinois Press&#41;, 1981.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Heber (1981), 41. Orson enters and begs forgiveness

… and when they were about to lay hands on me, Elder O. Hyde stepped in and partaking of the Spirit of God, while hearing what was going on, he said, "Brethren I acknowledge that I have sinned before my God and you, and I beg of you to forgive me."

¶ Heber C. Kimball (h3) Willing to go on any mission

The Presidency rejoiced and praised the Lord at this manifestation of repentance by brother Hyde, who said if they found him worthy, he desired to accompany me on my mission to England, or go on any other mission.

Set apart

The Presidency then laid hands on me, and set me apart to that mission … after which Elder Hyde was set apart receiving similar blessings, and also Joseph Fielding who was a priest <.


On Leaving the Church (1838) To Thomas B. Marsh's October 25, 1838 letter to Ann Marsh Abbott, Orson adds, <i>Orson Hyde: The Olive Branch of Israel</i>, Myrtle Stevens Hyde &#40;Salt Lake City: Agreka Books, 2000&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Orson Hyde biography, 101. Orson's good will toward Saints

I can say that I have left the Church called Latter Day Saints for conscience sake, fully believing that God is not with them, and is not the mover of their schemes and projects. …

Highest regard for them

There are many in Far West for whom I entertain the highest regard. Their kindness I have seen, and their hospitality I have shared during my sickness, and the sickness of my family. Let them think of me as they will, I can assure them, that they will ever live in the memory of a grateful heart. …

Abandonded property will easily pay debts

There are some few debts which I owe there, which I would have settled before I came away, could I have done it consistently. But I have left property enough to pay four times the amount which I owed. But if they should not get it in that way I will pay them if I live, and get any thing to do it with. …

Urges friends to leave Caldwell immediately

I do really hope that my friends will hasten and get out of Caldwell County as soon as possible. My calling is to warn men to flee from the wrath to come; I therefore in the fear of the Lord, warn all the honest I heart to flee out of Caldwell County as soon as possible <.

 
    Families   Wife Miranda Nancy Johnson, b. 1815 in Pomfret, Windsor, VT
Sister of Luke S. and Lyman E. Johnson
md. September 4, 1834 in Kirtland, Geauga, OH
divorced in 1870
d. 1886 in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, UT <i>Orson Hyde: The Olive Branch of Israel</i>, Myrtle Stevens Hyde &#40;Salt Lake City: Agreka Books, 2000&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Orson Hyde biography, 496–507, which includes several wives and families not on Ancestral File. Ancestral File has one wife, Emma Price, not in <i>Orson Hyde: The Olive Branch of Israel</i>, Myrtle Stevens Hyde &#40;Salt Lake City: Agreka Books, 2000&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Orson Hyde biography. Children Nathan (1835 Kirtland)
Laura Marinda (1837 Kirtland to 1909)
Emily Matilda (1839 Nauvoo to 1909)
Orson Washington (1843 Nauvoo 1843)
Frank Henry (1846 Nauvoo to 1908)
Alonzo Eugene (1848 Hyde Park, Pottawattamie, Iowa to 1910)
Delia Annette (1849 Kanesville, Pottawattamie, Iowa to 1907)
Heber John (1852 Salt Lake City to 1853)
Mary Lavinia (1854 Salt Lake City to 1855)
Zina Virginia (1858 Salt Lake City to 1939)   Wife Martha Rebecca Browett, b. 1817 in Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England
md. Feb. or Mar. 1843 in Nauvoo
divorced 1850
md. Thomas McKenzie, 1850, in Kanesville (now Council Bluffs), Pottawattamie, Iowa (later divorced)
d. 1904 in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, UT Child Adella Marie (1850 Kanesville) Wife Mary Ann Price, b. 1816 in Lea, Hereford, England
md. July 20, 1843 in Nauvoo, Hancock, IL
d. 1900 in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, UT (buried in Spring City, Sanpete, UT) Children Urania (1846 Hyde Park (now East Lewis Township), Pottawattamie, IA) Wife Charlotte S. Quindlin, b. 1802 in Lower Pensack, Salem, NJ
md. November 21, 1852 in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, UT
separated
md. — Johnson
d. 1881 in Mount Pleasant, Sanpete, UT Wife Ann Eliza Vickers, b. 1841 Big Neck Prairie, Madison, IL
md. March 12, 1857 in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, UT
d .in 1923, Spring City, Sanpete, UT Children Charles Albert (1858 Springville, Utah to 1923)
George Lyman (1860 Salt Lake City to 1940)
Joseph Smith (1863 Spring City to 1944)
Maria Louisa (1865 Spring City to 1867)
Melvin Augustus (1868 Spring City to 1873)
Flora Geneva (1871 Spring City to 1953) Wife Emma Price (1824–1842) md. October 6, 1861 Ancestral File Wife Julia Thomene Reinert, b. 1842 Aalborg, Denmark
md. August 29, 1863 in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, UT
d. 1919, buried Spring City Children

Mary Ann (1864 Spring City to 1938)
William Arthur (1866 Ephraim, Sanpete, Utah to 1873)
Hyrum Smith 1868 Spring City to 1943)
David Victor (1871 Spring City to 1951)
Aurelia Fiducia Hyde (1874 Spring City to 1875)

Wife Elisabeth Josephine Gallier, b. 1840 Guendlischwand, Bern, Switzerland
md. October 15, 1864 in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, UT
d. 1920 in Farmington, buried Spring City) Child Luella Minerva (1865 Spring City to 1839) Wife Sophia Margaret Lyon
md. October 10, 1865 Children Brigham Young (1867–1868)
[Daughter] 1868
Oscar Waltemar (1869–1941)
Sterling Washington (1872–1874)
Royal Justice (1874–1893)
Orson Hyde (h)
Orson Hyde's 1840 Letter of Introduction
Orson Hyde's 1835 Complaint
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