Mormon History 1830-1844

Oliver Cowdery (1806–1850)
Born   October 3, 1806, in Wells, Vermont
<i>Revelations of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants</i>, Lyndon Cook &#40;Provo: Seventy’s Mission Bookstore, 1981&#41;.
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Died   March 3, 1850 in Richmond, Ray Co., Missouri.
<i>Revelations of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants</i>, Lyndon Cook &#40;Provo: Seventy’s Mission Bookstore, 1981&#41;.
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Father   William Cowdery
<i>Revelations of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants</i>, Lyndon Cook &#40;Provo: Seventy’s Mission Bookstore, 1981&#41;.
')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Revelations Mother   Rebecca Fuller <i>Revelations of the Prophet Joseph Smith: A Historical and Biographical Commentary of the Doctrine and Covenants</i>, Lyndon Cook &#40;Provo: Seventy’s Mission Bookstore, 1981&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Revelations School   1821, 1822 attends school in Wells, Vermont. <History of Wells, Vermont, for the First Century after Its Settlement by Hiland Paul, with Biographical Sketches by Robert Parks, Esq.> Wells, Vermont: Wells Historical Society, 1979; first edition Rutland, Vermont: Charles E. Tuttle Co., 1869.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Wells, 79. Meets Joseph   [April 5–7, 1829] Near the time of the setting of the Sun, Sabbath evening, April 5th, 1829, my natural eyes, for the first time beheld this brother. He then resided in Harmony, Susquehanna county Penn. On Monday the 6th, I assisted him in arranging some business of a temporal nature, and on Tuesday the 7th, commenced to write the book of Mormon. These Oliver Cowdery&#39;s letters to W. W. Phelps, <i>Messenger and Advocate</i>, eight&#45;part series published intermittently, 1834&#45;1835.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">OC history, Sept. 7, 1834, <i>Latter Day Saints&#39; Messenger and Advocate<i>')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">MA 1, no. 1 (Oct. 1834): 13. Gift, may translate   April [7–30], 1829 has gift to know mysteries, admonish Joseph and be admonished by him, Lord has told him things no one else knows, may translate. D&C 6 Rod of Aaron, ancient records   April [7–30], 1829 has gifts of revelation and working with the rod. He is to ask about the mysteries of ancient records and the Lord will reveal them to him. D&C 8 Translation technique   April [7–30], 1829 failed to translate. "Behold you have not understood, you have supposed that I would give it unto you, when you took no thought, save it was to ask me; but behold I say unto you, that you must study it out in your mind; then you must ask me if it be right, and if it is right, I will cause that your bosom shall burn within you: therefore, you shall feel that it is right;" ¶ D&C 9 Aaronic Priesthood restoration   May 15, 1829 Aaronic Priesthood restoration (traditional date). <i>History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter&#45;day Saints</i>, edited by B. H. Roberts, 7 vols. &#40;Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1902&#45;1912, 1932&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">HC 1:39–41. Three Witnesses   [Late] June 1829 one of the Three Witnesses of the Book of Mormon.   Revelation of church articles   1829 receives revelation of the Articles of the Church of Christ. Melchizedek Priesthood restoration   [May 15, 1829–April 6, 1830] Melchizedek Priesthood restoration (traditionally inferred date). <i>History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter&#45;day Saints</i>, edited by B. H. Roberts, 7 vols. &#40;Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1902&#45;1912, 1932&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">HC 1:39–41. Organizing member   April 6, 1830 one of the six organizing members of the Church of Christ. Ordained an elder by Joseph Smith, then ordains Joseph an elder. Accounts of Apr. 6, 1830 Pride   April 6, 1830 warned of pride. D&C 23:1 First public sermon   April 11, 1830 delivers first public sermon in the Church of Christ at Fayette, New York.   <i>Papers of Joseph Smith, Volume 1: Autobiographical and Historical Writings</i>, edited by Dean C. Jessee &#40;Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1989&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Papers, 304. Heads east with Books of Mormon   [May 1830] The apostle to the NEPHITES (Cowdery) has started for the EAST, on board a boat with a load of "Gold bibles," under a command, (as he says) to declare the truth (according to JO SMITH,) "in all the principal cities in the Union." The Reflector (Palmyra), June 1, 1830. Source Church recorder June 9, 1830 designated to keep "the Church record and Conference minutes until the next conference." Minutes of June 9, 1830 Argues with Joseph   September [5–26], 1830 contests Joseph's requirements for baptism in the Articles and Covenants.    ¶ D&C 28 Background Pamphlet peddler and printer   Prior to meeting Joseph Smith, Oliver is "an itinerant pamphlet pedlar and occasionally a journeyman printer."   "Mormonism," Connecticut Courant, July 12, 1831 reprint of Lockport Balance (Lockport, New York, Orasmus Turner, ed.), May 31, 1831. Source     … we had known Cowdry some seven or eight years ago, when he was a dabbler in the art of Printing, and principally occupied in writing and printing pamphlets, with which, as a pedestrian Pedlar, he visited the towns and villages of western New York and Canada …   "The Golden Bible," Cleveland Herald, Nov. 25, 1830. Source Kirtland, October 1830 About the last of October, 1830, four men, claiming to be divinely inspired, came from Manchester and Palmyra, Ontario county, N.Y., bringing a pretended revelation, entitled the "Book of Mormon." They came to the brethern of the reformation in Mentor, saluted them as brethern, and professed to rejoice at finding a people walking according to the scriptures of truth, and acknowledging no other guide. They professed to have no commands for them, nevertheless, they called upon them to receive their mission and book as from Heaven, which they said chiefly concerned the western Indians, as being an account of their origin, and a prophecy of their final conversion to christianity, and make them a white and delightsome people, and be reinstated in the possession of their lands of which they have been despoiled by the whites. …   "Mormonism," <I>Painesville Telegraph</I>')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">PT, Feb. 15, 1831. Source

MIssionaries in Kirtland, 1830

brethern of the reformation: Disciples of Christ. Sidney Rigdon's church was in Mentor.
Proposes in Kirtland   November 1830 proposes to a young woman in Kirtland while engaged to Elizabeth Ann Whitmer in New York.   Minutes of May 26, 1832   As it relates to the purity of the heart of "that little man", if a pure and pleasant fountain can send forth corrupt and bitter streams, then may the heart of that man be pure, who enters into a matrimonial contract with a young lady, and obtains the consent of her parents; but as soon as his back is turned upon her, he violates his engagements, and prostitutes his honor by becoming the gallant of another, and resolved in his heart, and expresses resolutions to marry her. But as the practice of a man will ever stand as a general criterion by which the principles of the heart are to be tested, we say, that the heart of such a man is the reverse of purity.   ¶ Ezra Booth Letter 9 Strongsville   December 1830 baptizes members of the Coltrin family and others in Strongsville, Ohio (with Parley Pratt (h), Peter Whitmer Jr., Ziba Peterson, and Frederick G. Williams en route to Independence, Missouri).   <i>Autobiography of Parley P. Pratt</i>, edited by Scot Facer Proctor and Maurine Jensen Proctor &#40;Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 2000&#41;. Originally published as <i>Autobiography of Parley Parker Pratt</i>, edited by Parley P. Pratt Jr. &#40;New York: Published for the Editor and Proprietor by Russell Brothers, 1874&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Parley P. Pratt, 67. Independence

Indians
January 19, 1831 writes Joseph that they arrived in Independence a few days ago. Now about 25 miles from the Shawnees, on the south side of the Kansas river, the Delaware are on the north. He has met chief twice. Told him and eighteen or twenty council members "the truth," and the chief replied that "they were very glad for what I their Brother had told them and they had recived it in their hearts &c—" Is not sure how it will go with them. Severe weather, deep snow. Joseph Smith to Hyrum Smith, Mar. 3–4, 1831 Ohio   August 1831 returns to Ohio from Lamanite mission.     High Priesthood August 28, 1831 ordained to the High Priesthood by Sidney Rigdon.   Minutes of Aug. 28, 1831 Amherst conference September 29, 1831 attends conference in Amherst, Lorain county, Ohio with Sylvester Smith and Joel Johnson.   Minutes of Sept. 29, 1831 Copy and correct revelations for Book of Commandments November 8, 1831 conference of eight elders in Hiram authorizes Oliver to "<copy, correct, and select> all the writings which go forth to the world {which go} through the Printing press (except) the revelations and commandments, by the Spirit of the Lord and this according to the commandment given in Missouri, July 20, 1831."   Minutes of Nov. 8, 1831 Delivers revelations to Missouri November–December 1831 takes revelation manuscripts to Missouri with John Whitmer for printing.   <i>Times and Seasons</i>')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">TS 6, no. 1 (June 1, 1845): 913.   January 5, 1832 Oliver and John Whitmer reach Independence with manuscript for the Book of Commandments.   &#34;First Impressions: The Independence, Missouri, Printing Operation, 1832&#45;33,&#34; Ronald E. Romig and John H. Siebert in <i>John Whitmer Historical Association Journal</i> 10 &#40;1990&#41;: 51&#45;66.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Independence printing, 55, citing Oliver Cowdery Account Book. Church Archives.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">OC account book. Missouri schools January 24, 1832 conference elects Oliver, William W. Phelps, and John Corrill to superintend schools in Missouri.   ¶ Oliver Cowdery to Joseph Smith, Jan. 28, 1832 Describes problems in Zion January 28, 1832 writes Joseph about the financial difficulties in Jackson county, equipment needed, missionaries assigned, ready to print Book of Commandments soon.   Oliver to Joseph United Firm April 28, 1832 (Independence) United Firm organized with Oliver, Joseph Smith, Edward Partridge, N. K. Whitney, Sidney Gilbert, Sidney Rigdon, John Whitmer, W. W. Phelps and Martin Harris.   D&C 82 Literary Firm

Select revelations, make verbal corrections
April 30, 1832 Literary Firm authorizes Oliver, W. W. Phelps, and John Whitmer to review the manuscripts for the Book of Commandments and "select for printing such as shall be deemed by them proper, as dictated by the Spirit & make all necessary verbal corrections."   Minutes of Apr. 30, 1832 (Literary Firm) Tried for 1830 proposal May 26, 1832 acknowledges error in proposing to a young woman in Kirtland in 1830 and is forgiven by council.   Minutes of May 26, 1832

¶ Ezra Booth Letter 9 (Dec. 1831)
Marries   December 18, 1832 marries Elizabeth Ann Whitney. Oliver to Lyman Cowdery, Jan. 13, 1834. Source Missouri mobbings July 1833 leaves Missouri to consult with Joseph Smith about Jackson county violence.   Missouri Persecutions (1833–1834) (1) Publishes Evening and Morning Star September 11, 1833 appointed publisher and editor of the Evening and Morning Star in Kirtland. New York October 1833 travels to New York City to purchase printing materials.     December 18, 1833 (Oliver's first wedding anniversary) after dedicating the press and materials, and pulling the first sheet of the Evening and Morning Star, Joseph writes in his diary:   Blessed by Joseph blessed of the Lord is bro Oliver nevertheless there are [32] two evils in him that he must needs forsake or he cannot altogeth[er] escape th[e] buffittings of the adver[sar]y if he shall forsak[e] these evils he shall be forgiven and shall be made like unto the bow which the Lord hath set in the heavens he shall be a sign and an ensign unto the nations. behold he is blessed of the Lord for his constancy [33] and steadfastness in the work of the Lord wherefore he shall be blessed in his generation and they shall never be cut off and he shall be helped out of many troubls and if he keeps the commandments and harken[s] unto the <counsel of the> lord his and his rest shall be glorious. Joseph Smith diary &#40;Nov. 27, 1832&#45;Dec. 5, 1834&#41;. <i>Selected Collections</i>, 1:20 // <i>Personal Writings of Joseph Smith</i>, rev. ed., 10&#45;81. Original, Church Archives, MS 155.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Diary-1, 31–33 // <i>Personal Writings of Joseph Smith</i>, 1st ed., compiled and edited by Dean C. Jessee &#40;Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1984&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">JS personal, rev. ed., 31– 32.   [January 13, 1834] I left her [Elizabeth Ann] in Missouri last summer expecting to return, soon, but did not. I sent for her last fall but the season was so far advanced that she did not deem it prudent to come this season; I frequently hear from her, she is well, and probably will come to this country next spring. How long I may tarry here is to me uncertain as I expect, (if life is spared), sooner or later to remove again to Missouri as it is by far the most delightrful country that I ever saw. Oliver to Lyman Cowdery, Jan. 13, 1834. Source High council February 17, 1834 member of first Kirtland high council. Minutes of Feb. 17, 1834 Zion's Camp April 18–21, 1834 travels to New Portage with Joseph Smith, Sidney Rigdon, and Zebedee Coltrin to raise support for the redemption of Zion (Zion's Camp). Minutes of Apr. 20–21, 1834 Leads Kirtland church with Sidney May–June 1834 in charge of Kirtland church with Sidney while Joseph and others make the trek to Missouri and back with Zion's Camp.   August 1834 writes confession with Thomas Burdick and Orson Hyde for Sylvester Smith to sign regarding his accusations against Joseph Smith.   Doctrine & Covenants proceeds September 24, 1834 Kirtland high council decides Joseph Smith, Oliver Cowdery, Sidney Rigdon, and Frederick G. Williams are to create a Book of Covenants and the proceeds of the book sales will be theirs.   Minutes of Sept. 24, 1834 Michigan October 16–[27], 1834 accompanies Joseph and Hyrum, Frederick G. Williams, David Whitmer and possibly others to visits the Pontiac, Michigan branch.   <i>Latter Day Saints&#39; Messenger and Advocate<i>')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">MA 1, no. 1 (Oct. 1834): 6.

Edward Stevenson Reminiscence (2)
Oliver's history October [25] 1834 first installment of Oliver's seven-part history of the church appears in the first issue of in the Messenger and Advocate. Same issue contains his October 20 letter from Pontiac. Oliver's 1834–1835 History  Tithing November 19, 1834 Joseph and Oliver covenant with the Lord, that if he would prosper them in certain things, they would give a "tenth to be bestowed upon the poor of his Church, or as he shall command." Assistant President December 5, 1834 Joseph, Sidney, Frederick G. Williams, and Oliver meet. Joseph ordains Oliver Assistant President. ¶ Presidents of the High Priesthood Twelve Apostles February 14, 1835 the Three Witnesses (Oliver, David Whitmer, Martin Harris) meet and select the first Council of the Twelve Apostles. Minutes of February 14, 1835

Twelve Apostles
First Quorum of Seventy Joseph, David, Martin, and Oliver meet with members of Zion's Camp and select members of the First Quorum of the Seventy. Kirtland High Council Minutes. Manuscript , LDS Church Archives, MS 3432. Typescript, Special Collections, Marriott Library, University of Utah. Typescript on <i>New Mormon Studies CD&#45;ROM</i> cited.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Kirtland council; <i>From Historian to Dissident: The Book of John Whitmer</i>, edited by Bruce N. Westergren &#40;Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 1995 &#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">J. Whitmer, 59n4. Presides over branches June 6, 1835 presides over New Portage and Strongsville branches. Minutes of June 6, 1835 Finishes term as editor Mid-May 1835 John Whitmer replaces Oliver as editor of the Messenger and Advocate. <i>Descriptive Bibliography of the Mormon Church, Volume One 1830&#45;1847</i>. Peter Crawley. Provo: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1997.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Crawley bibiography, 47. House of the Lord subscription June 25, 1835 subscribes $750 for House of the Lord in Kirtland. Joseph, W. W. Phelps, John Whitmer, and Frederick G. Williams each subscribe $500.
<i>History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter&#45;day Saints</i>, edited by B. H. Roberts, 7 vols. &#40;Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1902&#45;1912, 1932&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">HC 2:234. Book of Abraham July 3, 1835 begins work as scribe, with W. W. Phelps, on translation of Egyptian mummy scrolls. <i>History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter&#45;day Saints</i>, edited by B. H. Roberts, 7 vols. &#40;Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1902&#45;1912, 1932&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">HC 2:235, 520–521. Article on Marriage August 15, 1835 General Assembly approves publication of the first Doctrine and Covenants, including the Lectures on Faith and Oliver's Article on Marriage and Article on Governments and Laws. Minutes of Aug. 17, 1835 Church Recorder September 14, 1835 called as Church Recorder by "a High Council of the Presidency," also approves salary and expenses for him, Joseph Sr. (for patriarchal blessings), and Frederick G. Williams (for recording patriarchal blessings). Minutes of Sept. 14, 1835 Oliver's relatives' prejudice December 23, 1835 in the afternoon, Joseph Smith and Leonard Rich visit Oliver's relatives. They "had not a very agreeable visit for I found them [89] filled with prejudice against the work of the Lord and their minds blinded with superstition & ignorance &c" Joseph Smith diary &#40;Sept. 22, 1835&#45;Apr. 3, 1836&#41;. <i>Selected Collections</i>, 1:20 // <i>Personal Writings of Joseph Smith</i>, rev. ed., 221&#45;225. Original, Church Archives, MS 155.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Diary-2, 88–89. Ordination regulations   February 24, 1836 appointed with Orson Hyde and Sylvester Smith to draft license rules and regulations for ordinations and licenses.   Manuscript History of the Church &#40;1839&#45;[1882]&#41;. LDS Church Archives, CR 100. The first 240 pages are transcribed in <i>Papers of Joseph Smith</i> 1:265&#45;386, where it is titled, &#34;History, 1839.&#34; <i>Selected Collections</i> identifies it as Church Historian&#39;s Office History of the Church, 1839&#45;circa 1882. Unless otherwise stated, <i>Selected Collections</i> is cited. 1&#45;A refers to DVD vol. 1 &#40;1805&#45;1836&#41;, pages 1 &#45;553. 1&#45;B refers to DVD vol. 1 &#40;addenda, miscellaneous, genealogy, Dec. 1834, Oliver Cowdery letters, and Nov. 1835&#45;Jan. 1836&#41;, pages 1&#45;191 &#40;numbered from the back of the book&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">MS history, 629. Bank of Monroe vice-president   March 16, 1836 the Bank of Monroe financial statement, provided by bank vice-president Oliver Cowdery, shows $1, 206.59 in coin and $31,163.00 currency (including virtually worthless Kirtland Safety Society banknotes). With $191,330.76 in liabilities, the bank is on the verge of bankruptcy.   "Statement of the condition of the Bank of Monroe," Monroe Times, Mar. 16, 1836. Source Redemption of Zion   April 2, 1836 Joseph, Sidney, Oliver, Frederick G. Williams, John Whitmer and W. W. Phelps (all six church presidents) confer on the redemption of Zion. Joseph and Oliver are to raise funds to redeem the land.   Joseph Smith diary &#40;Sept. 22, 1835&#45;Apr. 3, 1836&#41;. <i>Selected Collections</i>, 1:20 // <i>Personal Writings of Joseph Smith</i>, rev. ed., 221&#45;225. Original, Church Archives, MS 155.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Diary-2 in <i>Personal Writings of Joseph Smith</i>, 1st ed., compiled and edited by Dean C. Jessee &#40;Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company, 1984&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">JS personal, rev. ed., 271. House of the Lord experiences

Moses, Elijah, Elias
  April 3, 1836 the Lord appears to Joseph and Oliver and accepts the House of the Lord; Moses, Elijah, and Elias commit the keys of gathering, gospel of Abraham, turning the hearts of fathers/children.    Last entry of Joseph Smith diary &#40;Sept. 22, 1835&#45;Apr. 3, 1836&#41;. <i>Selected Collections</i>, 1:20 // <i>Personal Writings of Joseph Smith</i>, rev. ed., 221&#45;225. Original, Church Archives, MS 155.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">Diary-2.

D&C 110
New York   July 25, 1836 takes slow steamboat from Fairport to Buffalo with Sidney Rigdon, others. Next day take a line boat for Rochester, then Utica. Take train to Schenectady—"the first passengers' car on the new road." Transfer to another train to Albany. Steamer to New York City. Visits Wall Street. Comments, "There is money yet in Wall street, and 'Draper, Underwood,' and others, ready to help incorporated bodies to plates and dyes, to make more." (Looking for plates, dies to print bank notes?)   <i>Latter Day Saints&#39; Messenger and Advocate<i>')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">MA 2, no. 12 (Sept. 1836): 372–376. Salem, Massachusetts   Early August 1836 Joseph, Hyrum, Sidney, and Oliver arrive in Salem, Massachusetts in search of treasure.   <i>History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter&#45;day Saints</i>, edited by B. H. Roberts, 7 vols. &#40;Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1902&#45;1912, 1932&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">HC 2:464; <i>No Man Knows My History: The Life of Joseph Smith the Mormon Prophet</i,> Fawn M. Brodie &#40;New York: Alfred A. Knopf&#41;, 1945, 1960.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">No man knows, 192.   August 24, 1836 writes from Boston reporting visit to New York, Providence, Boston, Salem. <i>Latter Day Saints&#39; Messenger and Advocate<i>')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">MA 3, no. 1 (Oct. 1836): 386–393. Philadelphia [November–December 1836] assigned to go to Philadelphia to get printing plates for Kirtland Safety Society notes.   Printing plates January 1, 1836 returns to Kirtland with plates.   Company dissolved February 1, 1837 O. Cowdery and Company is dissolved and the assets are transferred to Joseph Smith Jr. and Sidney Rigdon. Warren A. Cowdery becomes their agent and editor of the Messenger and Advocate. <i>History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter&#45;day Saints</i>, edited by B. H. Roberts, 7 vols. &#40;Salt Lake City: Deseret News, 1902&#45;1912, 1932&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">HC 2:475; <i>History of the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints</i>, 8 vols. Compiled and edited by Heman C. Smith, et al. &#40;Independence: Herald Publishing House, 1967&#45;1976&#41;.')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">RLDS history 2:99. Michigan   February 1837 travels to Monroe, Michigan, with Joseph and Hyrum to purchase controlling interest in failing bank there.     Bank vice-president February 10, 1836 elected a director and vice-president by the board of directors of the Monroe bank Monroe Times, Feb. 16, 1837. Source Elected Justice of the Peace May 25, 1837 elected a Justice of the Peace in Kirtland without opposition. <I>Painesville Telegraph</I>')" onmouseout="kill()" target="_blank" class="ref">PT, May 25, 1837. Source Rules against Kirtland Safety Society June 17, 1837 as Justice of the Peace, rules Kirtland Safety Society notes are not "lawful tender." Painesville Republican. Source Resigns August 1837 resigns as Justice of the Peace. Source Assistant counselor September 3, 1837 appointed assistant counselor to the First Presidency Minutes of September 3, 1837 Far West October 20, 1837 arrives in Far West.     Sidney influences Joseph against Oliver? This Br I aluded too Said Br Oliver Drove His carrage under the shade of A tree by the side of the roade and held a lenthy convention with him And among Other things He said Sidny Rigdon weaned the Affections of Br Joseph from Him And the Church had cast him off And he seemed verry sorrowful on that Account.   ¶ Addison Everett: Priesthood Restoration Excommunicated April 12, 1838 excommunicated by the high council and bishopric of Zion in Far West.   Minutes of April 12, 1838 Kirtland Fall 1848 returns to Kirtland and lives near his brother, Lyman     Attorney 1840 admitted to Ohio bar, practices law with Lyman in Kirtland until moving to Tiffin, Ohio in the fall.     Tiffin, Elkhorn 1840–1847 practices law in Tiffin, Ohio, and Elkhorn, Wisconsin.     Politician 1848 runs unsuccessfully for state legislature in Wisconsin.     Baptized November 12, 1848 baptized by Orson Hyde in Kanesville, Iowa.      
    Family     Wife Elizabeth Ann Whitmer, b. Jan. 22, 1815;
md. Dec. 18, 1832
d. Jan. 6, 1892
In attendance at organization of the Church, Apr. 6, 1830.   Cemetery memorial plaque, Southwest City, Missouri. Source Children Maria Louise
Elizabeth Ann
Josephine Rebecca
Oliver Peter
Adeline Fuller
Julia Olive        
Biographies




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